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Ortho/Rheum Wk3

What lower limb structures assist support in standing? Hip ligaments (iliofemoral, ischiofemoral, pubofemoral), ligaments of knee, wedge-shaped talus
What factors cause the elderly to fall? Loss of proprioception, pharmacy (betablockers, benzodiazepines, etc), loss of visual accuity, infection (respiratory, inner-ear, UTI), CVA, heart attack, postural hypotension, paraesthesia, gait (antalgic, stepping, trendelenburg), slowed reflexes
Define disability Any restriction or lack of ability (resulting from an impairment) to perform an activity in the manner considered normal for a human
Define impairment Any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structural sunction
Define handicap A disadvantage for an individual resulting from a disability or impairment that limits or prevents the fulfilment of a role
What 4 sensory mechanisms contribute to balance? Proprioception, vision, tactile sense, vestibular system
What in the vestibular system detects linear acceleration? Otolith organ (utricle and saccule)
What in the vestibular system detects angular acceleration? Semi-circular canals
Which area of the nervous system coordinates balance, muscle synchronisation, and fine movements? Cerebellum
Created by: kuc