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Constitution Study Guide

Voters electors
An official count, such as a census enumeration
The process of accusing a public official of wrongdoing impeachment
A written statement issued by a grand jury charging a person with a crime indictment
The minimum number of members that must be present for official business to take place quorum
Income a government collects to cover expenses revenue
A way to give full citizenship to a person of foreign birth naturalization
courts tribunals
serious crimes felonies
public funds set aside for a specific purpose appropriation
Income a government collects to cover expenses revenue
A way to give full citizenship to a person of foreign birth naturalization
courts tribunals
Serious crimes felonies
Public funds set aside for a specific purpose appropriation
A law that condemns a person without a trial in court bill of attainder
money tender
A statement declaring that something is true affirmation
Delays in cancellations or punishment reprieves
Call together convene
Nickname for Amendment 20 lame duck
President's salary 400,000
Salary for senators and representatives 136,700
Salary for Speaker of the House 174,000
Senate or House of Representatives Congress
A motion or process aimed at bringing debate to a quick end. Also called closure. Cloture
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. 26th
Protects a citizen’s right to keep and bear arms. 2nd
Protects against unlawful searches and seizures. 4th
Prevents the quartering of troops in private homes. 3rd
Ensured that no tax could be charged to vote for any federal office. 24th
Protects citizens from cruel and unusual punishment and excessive fines. 8th
Protects the enumerated rights of citizens not specifically stated in the Constitution. 9th
Protects the rights of the accused including a public and speedy trial by a jury of one’s peers. 6th
Changed the choosing of senators from the state legislatures to the people of the states. 17th
Protects a citizen’s right to the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. 1st
Authorizes the United States to collect income tax without regard to the population of the states. 16th
Sets the limit on a presidential term of office to 2-four-year terms or 10 years maximum. 22nd
Outlawed the making, selling, transporting, importing, or exporting of alcohol in the United States. 18th
Abolishes slavery and forbids the practice of slavery in the United States and any area under its control. 13th
Ensures that gender cannot be used as a criteria for voting, thus granting women the right to vote. 19th
Redefines how the President and Vice-President are chosen by the Electoral College, making the two positions cooperative, rather than first and second highest vote-getters. 12th
Requires that any law that increased the pay of legislators may not take effect until after an election. 27th
Reserves all those powers not specifically given to the national government to the state governments. 10th
Grants the District of Columbia (Washington D.C.) the right to three electors in Presidential elections. 23rd
Ensures the right to a trial by jury in any civil case in a federal court if the amount of money involved exceeds $20. 7th
Forbids the state from denying anyone the right to vote based on “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”. 15th
States are immune from being sued in federal court by other states, foreign countries, or citizens from that state. 11th
Repealed the 18th Amendment and allowed each state the power to regulate the making, selling, transporting, importing, or exporting of alcohol. 21st
Set new start dates for the terms of the Congress and the President, and clarifies how the deaths of Presidents before swearing-in would be handled. 20th
Clarifies even further the line of succession to the Presidency, and establishes rules for a President who becomes unable to perform his duties while in office. 25th
Protects citizens in criminal proceedings including the restriction of self-incrimination and double jeopardy; also ensures the due process of law and eminent domain. 5th
All persons born or naturalized in the United States are in fact citizens of the United States and the state wherein they reside; ensured that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, but on the state level, too. 14th
Create a nation in which states cooperate "Form a more perfect Union"
Make just laws and set up fair courts "Establish justice"
Maintain peace within the country "Insure domestic tranquility"
Protect that country against attack "Provide for the common defense"
Contribute to the happiness and well being of all people "Promote the general welfare"
Make sure all citizens remain free "Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our prosperity"
List National powers maintain military, declare war, establish postal system, set standards for weights and measures, protect copyrights and patents
List Shared powers collect taxes, establish courts, regulate interstate commerce, regulate banks, borrow money, provide for the general welfare, punish criminals
List State powers establish local governments, set up schools, regulate state commerce, make regulations for marriage, establish and regulate corportations
List term, age, residency and citizenship for House of Representatives 2 years, 25 yrs. old, state which elected, 7 years
List term, age, residency and citizenship for Senate 6 years, 30 yrs. old, state in which elected, 9 years
List term, age, residency and citizenship for President 4 years (max. 2), 35 yrs. old, 14 years in the US prior to running, Natural-born
List term, age, residency and citizenship for Supreme Court (9 justices) unlimited (free from Executive Control) Selected by President and approved by Senate (2/3), No age restriction, no residency restriction, No citizenship restriction
Government gets its power/consent from the people Popular Sovereignty
Representative Democracy-people elect their representatives to make laws Republicanism
E Pluribus Unum power is shared between federal and the states(federal has more power) Federalism
Framers gave each branch its own power so that none are too powerful, lessons efficiency but it guards against abuse. Separation of powers
President in charge of branch, Enforces laws Executive Branch
This branch makes laws, Congress is in charge Legislative Branch
This branch interprets laws, Supreme Court is in charge Judicial Branch
Each branch has the authority to check the other Checks and Balances
Most Americans were afraid of a President that would act like a King, Everyone must obey the law Limited Government
There are certain rights protected by Bill of Rights that cannot be taken away Individual Rights
Judicial Branch- Checks on President Can declare executive acts unconstitutional, Judges are appointed for life, Free from executive control
Judicial Branch- Checks on Congress Judicial review-can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
Executive Branch- Checks on Courts Appoints federal judges, Can grant reprieves and pardons for federal crimes
Executive Branch- Checks on Congress Can veto acts of Congress, Can call special sessions of Congress, Can suggest laws and send messages to Congress
Legislative Branch- Checks of President Can impeach and remove the president, Can override veto, Controls spending of money, Senate can refuse to confirm presidential appointments and to ratify treaties
Legislative Branch- Checks on Court Can impeach and remove federal judges, Establishes lower federal courts, Can refuse to confirm judicial appointments
List Seven Principles of the Constitution Republicanism, Separation of Powers, Limited Government, Popular Sovereignty, Federalism, Checks and Balances, Individual Rights
People who live in a region should determine for themselves the nature of their government. popular sovereignty
For the time being pro tempore
A written statement issued by a grand jury charging a person with a crime indictment
An emergency military force, such as National Guard, that is not part of the regular army militia
A law that would make an act a criminal offense after it was committed ex post facto law
A citizen born in the US,or US Commonwealth, or to parents who are US citizens living outside the country natural-born citizen
Delays or cancellations of punishment reprieves
Call together convene
Violations of the law misdemeanors
Courts with less authority than the supreme court inferior courts
Having power to review court decisions appellate
Legal protections immunities
Right to vote suffrage
Official approval ratification
Complete agreement unanimous consent
reducing abridging
Given a place to stay quartered
Fair treatment under the law due process of the law
Required procedure compulsory process
Lawyer counsel
A system of law developed in England, based on customs and previous court decisions common law
Money paid by arrested persons to guarantee they will return to trial bail
A system of justice court not covered under common law equity
Being under the authority of an owner or master servitude
Granted nationality naturalized
Revolt against authority insurrection
Rewards bounties
Who takes over if the president dies or is unable to serve? List the top five. Vice-President,Speaker of the House, President of the Senate, Secretary of State, and Secretary of the Treasury
No longer in force inoperative
An election in which registered members of a political party nominate candidates for office primary
What is the least amount of witnesses needed to testify for treason? two
Extending a debate to prevent a vote on a given proposal filibuster
A legislative maneuver in United States federal lawmaking that allows the President to veto a bill indirectly. Pocket veto
The US Constitution and federal laws and treaties that adhere to the Constitution officially became the ___________. "supreme law of the land"
Detainees can seek relief from unlawful imprisonment Writs of habeas corpus
Steps for a bill to become a law Bill introduced, Committee action, Floor action, Final approval, Enactment
The legal requirement that the state must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person due process
Power of the Supreme Court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts appellate jurisdiction
Presidential Duties Chief of State, Chief Executive, Chief Diplomat, Commander-In-Chief, Chief Legislator, Chief of Party, Chief Guardian of the Economy
Who gives information to Congress of the State of the Union? President
To confirm by expressing consent, approval, or formal sanction ratify
Created by: mtmscomplab