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~Germany 1918-1939

Edexcel A GCSE History - Section 7 - Germany 1918-1939

Who was Kaizer Wilhelm II and when and why did he abdicate? German Monarch, abdicated in November 1918 due to violent unrest!
What police-style group were formed by Friedrich Ebert to keep the peace in Germany? The Freikorps!
Name some reasons for discontent in Germany? There were poor living conditions in Germany. Influenza epidemic Killed Thousands. 'stab in the back' myth. Weak Government.
What was the 'Stab in the back' myth and when did it mainly occur? 11th November 1918 - German Leaders agreed an armistace which led to the Treaty of Versailles
Explain the Spartacist Revolt (who, year, leaders, aim, outcome) In 1919 the sparticists, led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg, tried to take over Berlin but were defeated by the Freikorps.
Explain the Kapp Putsch (leader, aim, outcome, consequence) Led by Wolfgang Kapp, tried to take over Berlin to form a new government. They succeded at first but then gave up after a general strike. they were not punished because many judges secretly agreed with this attempt.
HYPERINFLATION Name a cause of Hyperinflation and explain it. French occupation of the Ruhr.
Explain the Ruhr occupation Okay, Basically France got annoyed because they wanted Germany to be punished harshly for WW1. When Germany did not pay reparations, they took over the Ruhr, one of Germany's main sources of income, to try and take the money that Germany should have paid.
Give an example of Hyperinflation The Price of an Egg. 1918= 1/4 mark Aug 1923= 5000 marks Nov 1923= 80 million marks!!
What were the effects of Hyperinflation? The German Mark Became Worthless Wages had to be paid twice a day as they were so large. Middle class people found that their life savings became worthless.
Who was Stresemann and what did he do? He was the Chancellor of Germany in August 1923. He led German recovery by improving its international Relations.
What 7 things did Stresemann do to improve Germany's relations? 1)Resumed work in the Ruhr. 2)Accepted the Dawes plan. 3)Introduced the Rentenmark. 4)Agreed Locarno Treaty. 5)Joined League of Nations. 6)Signed the Kellogg Briand Pact. 7)Replaced the Dawes plan with the Young plan.
(just an interesting fact) What famous award did Stresemann recieve for his efforts with Germany? A Nobel Peace Prize!
What was the aim of the Dawes plan, what year was in signed and that was the outcome of it? In 1924, The Triple Entente tried to collect the war reparations debt from Germany. After five years the plan was unsuccessful so the Young Plan was adopted to replace it.
What was the Young Plan, when was it made and what did it do? In 1929 the young plan was created to replace the Dawes plan. It reduced the reparations to 1/4 of what they were originally and gave Germany 59 years to pay it.
What did the Locarno Treaty determine, and when was it made? In October 1925, it determined and set the Western (but not the Eastern) borders of Germany.
What was formed following Kaizer Wilhelm II's abdication, who formed it and where was it formed? The Weimar government, formed by Friedrich Ebert, formed in Weimar as there was violence in berlin.
Name 5 initial problems that there were with the Weimar government? 1)proportional representation. 2)Hard to pick chancellor supported by most parties. 3)had to sign and take responsibility for Treaty of Versailles. 4)hated by the public mainly due to (problem 3) 5)there were many outbreaks of trouble.
Created by: It'sWheelieSoph