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Cell Reproduction

DNA a chemical that contains information for an organism's growth and functions
chromosomes a structure in the nucleus of a cell, made of DNA,and containd the genetic information
chromatids one of two identical chromosomal strands into which chromosome splits up-and-down
cell cycle the normal sequence of development and division of a cell
mitosis the part of the cell cycle during which the nycleus divivdes
interphase the period in the cell cycle where the cell lives most of its life growing, developing, and getting prepared for seperation
double helix the spiral arrangement of the two complementary strands of DNA.
cytokinesis division of the cytoplasm of a cell, occurring at the end of mitosis
centromere holds together 2 chromatids in an X shape
binary fission fission into two organisms approximately equal in size.
regeneration the restoration or new growth by an organism of organs, tissues, etc., that have been lost, removed, or injured.
asexual reproduction reproduction only using one cell/organism
sexual reproduction reproduction using 2 cells/organisms
prophase first stage of mitosis during which the nuclear envelope breaks down and strands of chromatin form into chromosomes.
metaphase second stage in mitosis in which the duplicated chromosomes line up along the equatorial plate of the spindle.
anaphase third stage in mitosis in which the daughter chromosomes move away from each other to opposite ends of the cell.
telephase the final stage of mitosis, in which the separated chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the dividing cell and the nuclei of the daughter cells form around the two sets of chromosomes.
centrioles a small, cylindrical cell organelle, seen near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, that divides in perpendicular fashion during mitosis,
budding a process of asexual reproduction in which an organism develops as an outgrowth of the parent. Then it breaks free once grown all the way and becomes sperate and independent
Created by: natlin