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Pathophys 4

Pathophysiology Test 4 review

Which aspect of cirrhosis accounts for the development of esphageal varicosities? Portal hypertension
ACTH, which is normally produced by pituitary cells, can also be produced by calls of a Carcinoma of the lung
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity in patients with cirrhosis is associated with hypersecretion of Aldoserone
The posterior pituitary secretes antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Adrenalin is secreted by adrenal medullary cells
the most common urinary stones are composed of: calcium
which component of the pancreatic juices acts as a buffer and neutralizes the acidity of the gastric juice? bicarbonate
acromegaly is typically produced by tumors are anterior pituitary
hypothyroidism can be caused by deficiency of iodine
hyperparathyroidism results in increased levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in circulating blood
The Goodpasture;s syndrome which presents with crescentic glomerulonephritis is an example of type 2 hypersensitivity
which of the follwing is a good serologic marker of hepatocellular carcinoma? alpha fetoprotein (AFP)
Type 1 diabetes is associated with a loss of beta cells in the pancreas
biochemical measurements of thyroid hormones in circulation in patients with hyperthyroidism indicate that t3 and t4 levels are elevated, whereas the TSH level is low
Graves' disease is an example of type 2 hypersensitivity
an epidural hematoma is defined as a hematoma located between the skull and the dura mater
True or False: hemophilia a is a congenital deficiency of clotting factor VII True
True or False: Anencephaly is a congenital defect characterized by incomplete formation of the cranium and destruction of loss of the brain True
True or False: In postpubertal patients, somatrotropic adenomas cause gigantism. False
True or False: In normal patients, the levels of pancreatic enzymes in the circulating blood are low True
True or False: Hemolytic anemia due to transfusion with a mismatched blood type is an example of type 3 hypersensitivity False
True or False: Lack of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) cause diabetes mellitus False
True of False: Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common biochemical abnormalities in liver disease. True
True or False: Individuals considered universal recipients have O blood group False
True or False: Nephritic syndromes are associated with signs of inflammation True
True or False: Neuroblastoma and pheochromocytoma are both tumors of the adrenal cortex False
True or False: In adults, the blood-brain prevents bilirubin from entering compartments in the central nervous system True
True or False: Type 1 diabetes is insulin-dependent. True
True or False: Insulin is a hormone secreted by the exocrine pancreas. False
Complications of cirrhosis include: ascites, splenomegaly, hypoalbuminemia
Which of the following conditions affect normal hemoglobin structure and/or function? sickle-cell anemia, thalassemia alpha, thalassemia beta
Which of the following changes are associated with diabetes mellitus? hyperglicemia, glucosuria, polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia
the most important digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas are lipase, peptidases, amylase
the following coagulation factors are synthesized in the liver fibrinogen, prothrombin, hageman factor
the meninges that envelope the brain are called dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
the pathogenesis of ascites formation in cirrhosis involves decreased albumin production, retention of sodium, reduced renal water excretion, increased release of aldosterone.
Trombocytopenia reduced number of circulating platelets
leukopenia reduced number of circulating white blood cells
dysuria painful urination
polyphagia ingestion of large amount of food
lymphocytosis increased number of circulating lymphocytes
polyuria excretion of a large amount of urine
leukocytosis increased number of circulating white blood cells
glucosuria painful urination
polydipsia excessive thirst
diapediesis exit of blood cells from a vessel into the tissue, as occurs in inflammation
urolitiasis formation of stones in the urinary tract
cholethiasis presence of stones in the gallbladder and/or in the bile ducts
xenograft tissue transplant between animals of different species
isograft tissue transplant between genetically identical individuals
Created by: johnsonb605