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drugs_ati_nclex

QuestionAnswer
Aspirin Do not give together w/ other __________. Do not give to what age group? why? with other anticoagulants. Stop taking Aspirin some days before surgery. Do not give to children -Reye syndrome
NSAID’s give ex. contraindicated for people with what condition? e.g. Ibuprofen—Take with food; contraindicated for people with GI ulcers
Morphine hold if resp less than what? respirations are below 10
Dilantin anticonvulsant can cause what s/e? don't dilly dally get to the dentist! Causes gum hyperplasia. Advice client to visit dentist frequently
Predisone Causes Cushing like symptoms. Common side effects are immunosupression(monitor client for infection), hyperglycemia
Heparin Monitor what lab? :H-E-P-A-R-I-N _ _ _ what is the antidote? PTT Antidote is protamine sulfate
Coumadin monitor which lab? Which value, PT or PTT, does heparin influence? Which one does coumadin? Stumped? You can find the right answer by counting to 10 C-o-u-m-i-d-i-n _ _ _ what is the antidote? PT. Antidote is Vitamin K
Cogentin ANTI-PARKINSONIAN Used to treat what s/e of psychotropic meds? EPS
Sinemet (levodopa/carbidopa) Drug more effective for stiffness than for ____ tremors
Theophylline/Aminophyllin used for asthma. similiar to ______. narrow margin of safety. range __to ___mcg/ml lots of drug-drug interactions. s/s of toxicity: anorexia, N/V, dizzy, restlessness, hypotension, seizures. similar to caffeine, Broncho dialator Side effects--Tachycardia range 10-20mcg/ml
Digoxin. use. s/e therapetic level ___-___ng/ml (Lanoxin) Signs of toxicity: Pt will complaint of visual change in colors. Cardiovascular. They would also complain of loss of appetite.
Magnesium Sulfate ANTIHYPERTENSIVE used in what pg condition? monitor for deep ____ reflex and resp depression (PRE-ECLAMPSIA)Monitor for deep tendon reflex and respiratory depression
Hydrochlothiazide-use. monitor what levels? DIURETICS Monitor potassium levels
Lasix use. watch for what monitor what levels? toxic to what organ/body system? increases risk of what toxicity? HTN, HF, Monitor potassium levels. ototoxicity, digoxin tox
Aldactone. class. use. it spares what? diuretic, K+ sparing, used for HF, HTN
Lithium Carbonate therapuetic range ___-___mEq/L S&S of toxicity?Adequate fluid and salt intake is important. therapeutic range (0.8 to 1.2mEq).S&S tox-
MAOI inhibitors lots of drug-drug, drug-food interactions. avoid foods containing what? examples? Food with Tyramine should be avoided. For example: aged cheese, wine, avocados, bananas, raisins, sour cream, yogurt, beer, yeast, chocolate, pepperoni, salami, sausage, hot dogs
Oxytocin- Assess uterus frequently for _________ _______ Assess uterus frequently for tetanic contraction.
Narcan: Reverses the effects of what class of drugs? narcotics
Calcium Gluconate antidote for what? Antidote for magnesium sulfate
Vitamin K antidote for what? Antidote for Coumadin
Tegretol side effects.Common adverse effects include drowsiness, headaches and migraines, motor coordination impairment and/or upset stomach. Carbamazepine preparations typically greatly decrease a person's alcohol tolerance.
Atropine What do you do before giving this drug? check BP
Epogen. use. moa-increases ___blood cell production Used in treating anemia because it increases RBC production.
Acyclovir. class. use anti-viral medication used in treating shingles.
Aminoglycocides Monitor client taking antibiotics such as Vancomycin for what toxicity? ototoxicity.
dilantin. use. therapeutic level __-___mcg/dl anti-epileptic/anticonvulsant. 10-20mcg/dl
Created by: kerinska on 2011-11-29



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