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APES chpt 5

chapter 5 vocab words

An area's temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind speed, cloud cover, and other physical conditions of the lower atmosphere over hours or days. Weather
A region's general pattern of atmospheric or weather conditions over a long time- years, decades, and centuries. Climate
________ and _________ are the two main factors in determining climate. Average Temperature and Average Precipitation
Distance from the equator Latitude
Height above sea level Elevation
Water vapor (H2O), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), and Nitrous Oxide (N2O) are all _____________ Greenhouse Gases
Natural warming effect of the troposphere and the earth's surface. Greenhouse Effect
Continents lying north or south of warm oceans experience heavy rains called _____________ Monsoons
Large terrestrial regions characterized by similar climate, soil, plants, and animals, regardless of where they are found in the world. Biomes
An area where evaporation exceeds precipitation. Desert
3 different types of deserts Tropical, Temperate, and Cold
Occur mostly in the interiors of continents in areas too moist for deserts and too dry for forests. Grasslands/Prairies
A type of tropical grassland dotted with widely scattered clumps of trees. Savanna
3 types of grasslands Tropical, Temperate, and Polar
Underground soil in which captured water stays frozen for more than 2 consecutive years. Permafrost
Contains various species of trees and smaller forms of vegetation. Forests
They are found near the equator where hot, moisture-laden air rises and dumps its moisture. Tropical Rain Forest
The world's largest flower Rafflesia
This type of forest is found in tropical areas with warm temperatures year round and wet and dry seasons. Tropical dry forest
These forests grow in areas with moderate average temperatures that change significantly with the season. Temperate deciduous forests
Two other names for Evergreen coniferous forests Boreal forests and Taigas
____________ play a critical role in the hydrologic cycle by gradually releasing melting ice, snow, and water stored in the soils. Mountains
Natural capital degredation Major human impacts on the world's grasslands, deserts, forests, and mountains.
Created by: Kelsey Hokanson