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Chapter 15

Common law law based on court decisions rather than on legal code
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judycial decision in a later, similar case
statute a law written by a legislative branch
potential future
resolve answering
tradition customs
plaintiff the party that brings the charges against the accused
defendant individual or group acced of a crim
felony a serious crine such as murder, rape, kidnaping, or robery
misdemeanor a realativy minor offence such as vanalism or stealing inexpensive items
larceny the unlawful taking away of another person's probertry with the intent of never to return it
robbery taking of property from a person's possession by using force or threats
burglary the inlawful entry into any dwelling or structure with the intention to commit a crime
lawsuit when a civil case goes to court
tort civil wrongs
libel the printing of false and damaging information
constitutional law branch of law dealing with formation, construction, and interpretation of constitutions
prohibition bans
recover get back
stare decisis the practice of using earler judical rulings as a basis for deciding cases
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisoners to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto law law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was commited
due process of law procedures established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution
search warrent judges authorization to search a specific place
double jeopardy a person who is tried for a crime and found not gulity may not be placed in jeopardy
grand jury a group of 12 to 23 citxens that hears evidence presented by a prosecutor
plea bargain a negotiation between the government attorney and the prosecutor
bail sum of money an arrested person bays to a court to win release from jail while awaiting trial
interpret defining
factor influences
presume belived to be
Created by: KaitlinSu