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Chapter 4

Diseases and Conditions of the Endocrine System

Gigantism Abnormal pattern of growth and stature. Excessive production and excretion of human growth hormone.
Agromegaly Chronic metabolic condition of adults caused by hypersecretion of grown hormone.
Dwarfism Abnormal underdevelopment of the body, or hypopituitarism, occuring in children
Diabetes Indipidus Disturbance of water metabolizm resulting from extreme thirst and excessive secretion of dilute urine.
Simple Goiter Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Graves Disease Entire thyroid gland hypertrophies, resulting in a diffuse goiter.
Cretinism Iodine-poor diet results in congenital hypothyroidism. Develops in infancy or early childhood.
Myxedema Severe hypothyroidism developing in the older child or adult.
Cushing Syndrome Chronic hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex resulting in increased cortisol levels.
Addisons Disease Partial or complete failure of adrenocortical function. (too little cortisol)
Diabetes Mellitus Inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas.
Gastational Diabetes Type III - Damaged ability to process carbs during pregnancy.
Hypoglycemia Abnormally low glucose level in the blood.
Precocious Puberty Puberty begins the age of 9 yrs. in boys and of 8 yrs. in girls
Created by: harrisl4086