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Medical Terminology

Respiratory System

alveoli air sacs within the lung; oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged through the alveolar walls
bronchus branches from the trachea that conducts air into the lungs, where it divides and subdivides
larynx location of vocal cords; below the pharynx
nose lined with mucous membranes and fine hairs; acts as a filter to moisten and warm air
pharynx (throat) serves as food and air passageway; air enters from the nasal cavities, whereas food enters from the mouth
trachea (windpipe) passageway for air to the bronchi
bronch bronchus, bronchi
capn carbon dioxide
layng larynx
muc mucus
nas nose
ox oxygen
pharyng pharynx
pneum lung, air
pneumon lung, air
pulmon lung
py pus
rhin nose
sinus sinus
thorac chest, thorax
trache trachea (windpipe)
-ary pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-eal pertaining to
-ectomy surgical removal, excision
-ia diseased state, condition of
-meter instrument used to measure
-pnea breathing
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopic pretaining to visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-stomy artificial opening
-thorax chest, thorax
a-, an- without, abscence
dsy- difficult, painful, abnormal
endo- within
hyper- above, excessive
asthma respiratory disease characterized by coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and constriction of airways
chest radiograph (also called chest x-ray) a radiographic image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart
CXR chest radiograph
chest computed tomography (CT) scan computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back; used to diagnose tumors and abscesses
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease progressive, irreversible condition characterized by diminished capacity for airflow to and from the lungs; emphysema and chronic bronchitis are types of COPD
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
emphysema a type of COPD caused by loss of elasticity of the air sacs located within the lung, causing the body to not receive enough oxygen
influenza highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract caused by a virus
flu influenza
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
tuberculosis an infectious disease that affects the lungs
TB tuberculosis
upper respiratory infection infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
URI upper respiratory infection
Created by: 1138740071