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Medical Terminology

Reproductive System

breasts milk-producing glands (also called mammary glands)
cervix marrow lower portion of the uterus
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
uterine tubes (fallopian tubes) tubes attached to the uterus, providing passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus
ovaries almond-shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity; store ova; produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone
ovum female reproductive cell produced by the ovaries
uterus pear-sized and shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity, except during pregnancy when it enlarges and extends up into the abdominal cavity; its function are menstruation, pregnancy, and labor
vagina tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body
epididymus a coiled tube atop each of the testes that carries sperm to the vas deferens
penis male organ of urination and copulation (sexual intercourse); provides for delivery of sperm to vagina
prostate gland encircles the upper end of the urethra; secretes fluid that aids in the movement of sperm and ejaculation
scrotum sac containing the testes and epididymis; vas deferens extends from the scrotum into the abdominal cavity; suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis
seminal vesicles main glands located at the base of the urinary bladder that open into the vas deferens; secretes a thick fluid that contributes to the motility and viability of the sperm
semen composed of sperm, seminal fluids, and other secretions
sperm male reproductive cell produced by the testes
testis, testicle primary male sex organs; paired, oval-shaped, and enclosed in the scrotum; produces sperm and the hormone testosterone
urethra narrow tube that carries sperm from the vas deferens to the outside of the body; also connects to the urinary bladder in the male
vas deferens duct carrying the sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
cervic cervix or neck
colp vagina
gynec woman
hyster uterus
mamm breast
mast breast
men menstruation
metr uterus
oophor ovary
salpin uterine tube (fallopian tube)
vagin vagina
orchid testis, testicle
prostat prostate gland
scrot scrotum
vas vessel, duct
-cele hernia, protusion
-ptosis prolapse or downward displacement, drooping
-rrhexis rupture
dilation and curettage widening of the cervix and scraping the endometrium with an instrument called a curette
D&C dilation and curettage
endometriosis abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows in various areas in pelvic cavity, including ovaries, uterine tubes, bowels, and uterus
fibriod tumor (myoma) benign tumor of the uterine muscle made up of mainly fibrous tissue
Pap smear (Papanicolaou smear) a diagnostic study of cervical and vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells
pelvic inflammatory disease inflammation of some or all of the female reproductive organs
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
sexually transmitted disease diseases, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and gential herpes, transmitted through sexual contact
STD sexually transmitted disease
benign prostatic hyperplasia nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
circumcision surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
digital rectal examination a physical exam in which the healthcare provider inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall; used to screen for BPH and prostate cancer
erectile dysfunction the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) assay a blood test that measures the level of prostate-speific antigen, a protein produced by the prostate gland
transurethral resection of the prostate gland a surgical procedure in which successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are removed with an instrument inserted through the urethra
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate gland
Created by: 1138740071