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Sociology - E3 - P1

Sociology - Exam 3 - Part 1 - Chapter 7

violation of cultural norms Deviance
violation of a society’s formally enacted criminal law Crime
what one group finds deviant is conforming to another group Deviance relativity
attempts by society to regulate people’s thoughts and behaviors Social control
organizations that respond to alleged violations of the law Criminal justice system
__________ bring social order norms
shows disapproval of deviance Negative sanctions
used to reward people for conforming to norms Positive sanctions
Deviance is a necessary element of social organization Structural Functional view of Deviance
Deviance depends on whether society provides the means to achieve cultural goals Merton’s Strain Theory
Five ways people adapt Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism, Rebellion
deviance or conformity depends on the relative opportunity structure Cloward and Ohlin
we learn to deviate or conform to norms mostly by the different groups we associate with Differential Association Theory
Author of the Differential Association Theory Sutherland
Differential Association Theory falls under what theory of sociology? Symbolic Interaction
Author of the Control Theory Hirschi
What are the 3 theories of deviance that fall under the symbolic interaction theory of sociology? Differential Association Theory, Control Theory, Labeling Theory
social control depends on people’s anticipating the consequences of their behavior Control Theory
deviance & conformity result not from what people do but how others respond to those actions Labeling Theory
Taking on a deviance label and identifying with it Secondary deviance
powerful negative label that greatly changes a person’s self-concept & social identity Stigma
Look at power and social inequality as the main characteristics of society Social Conflict View of Deviance
later offenses by people previously convicted of crimes Criminal recidivism
Created by: K1N1V