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Black Saga 1800s

Black Saga Questions 1800's

In 1800, what percent of the U.S. population was made up of black people? roughly 19 percent
During the early 1800s, what city became known as "the seat of black affluence" because of the wealthy free black inventors and businessmen who lived there? Philadelphia, PA
In the 19th century, the Dismal Swamp,on the border between VA and NC,offered a safe place for runaways.Here they built homes,grew crops,raised animals and sold shingles and logs to free blacks. It was said to be one of the most difficult place to live. Maroons
In 1800, this black person organized 1,100 enslaved black people in Henrico County VA and set out to attack Richmond. His goal was to free enslaved black people along the way.The plot was betrayed by enslaved blacks who wanted to save their slaveholder. Gabriel Prosser
Throughout the time of slavery, states had different policies regarding slavery-this “peculiar institution,” but if Quakers were a sizable portion of the population and they played prominent roles in the political life. Name colonies to abolish slavery. Rhode Island, 1774 Massachusetts, 1781 New York, 1799 Vermont, 1777 New Hampshire, 1783 New Jersey, 1804 Pennsylvania,1780 Connecticut 1784
This African American church in Savannah, GA has a colorful history.Reverend Andrew Bryan formed it in 1802. It was here that General Tecumseh Sherman read the Emanc. Proclam. to the citizens.100 years later,Dr. Martin Luther King preached I Have a Dream. Second African Baptist Church
In 1805, a 20-member group formed the First African Baptist Church in Boston. They purchased land and began building this meeting place, which still stands in Boston. It is located on Beacon Hill and is the oldest black church still standing in the U.S. The African American Meeting House
In 1805,Lewis and Clark saw the Pacific Ocean for the first time standing at the mouth of the Columbia River in “Oregon Country, ”proving that America was a vast country stretched between two oceans.An enslaved black person provided important services. York
January 1, 1808 is an important date in the African American experience. What legal action took place? Congress prohibited the importation of enslaved Africans into the United States
Throughout the entire period of European slave trading, about 95% of the enslaved Africans are believed to have been distributed to South America, Latin America and the Caribbean.How many Africans were transported to the Americas? approximately 10 million (between 10 and 12 million should be accepted)
Most enslaved Africans taken to the Western Hemisphere came from the coast of West Africa. What places on this coast were among the largest suppliers of enslaved African people to this hemisphere? Ivory Coast, Gold Coast, Gambia, Sierre de Leone, Mandinga
Slave trading remained a major industry in the US even after 1808 when the US Congress banned the import of slaves.The need for cheap labor shifted from the Chesapeake to the South.To prevent this,some families did horrible things to not be sold south. Virginia and Maryland
In 1810, the first known insurance company owned and managed by blacks was established in Philadelphia by James Porter, William Coleman and Joseph Randolph. The company existed for more than thirty years. Name it. The Afro-American Insurance Company
In 1811, as many as 400 enslaved Africans in St. Charles and St. John the Baptist parishes in Louisiana revolted. This rebellion was led by a free African from Haiti who worked on the plantation where the rebellion began. Name him. Charles Deslandes
During colonial times and several decades afterwards, many enslaved Africans fled to places where they lived with Native Americans, such as the Seminole. In what state did relatively large numbers of enslaved Africans and Seminoles live together? Florida
What state was the first to encourage blacks to participate in the War of 1812? Two thousand free and enslaved black people enlisted and were organized into two regiments.Name the state. New York
A group of black men who had been rejected from serving in the territorial militia in 1803 were now allowed to enlist as a battalion in the War of 1812. The commanding officer was white, three of the lieutenants were black men. Name this militia group. Free Men of Color
Although the Secretary of War had stated "No Negro, mulatto or Indian is to be enlisted," when war started again in 1812, blacks did serve in one military branch without restrictions. Name it. U. S. Navy
Commodore Oliver H. Perry of the US Navy, who had earlier criticized the effectiveness of black sailors, changed his view when he won a decisive victory using black sailors on September 12, 1813 in this important battle in the War of 1812.Name the battle. Battle of Lake Erie
Two battalions of 500 free blacks fought with Andrew Jackson to liberate a major city from the British in the last battle of the War of 1812. The "Free Men of Color” was the largest single force of black men assembled to fight for the US up to that time. Battle of New Orleans
Today, this seaport is one of the largest in the South. Prior to the Civil War it was known for its large and frequent auctions of enslaved black people. Enslaved blacks sold at this port city were often used on cotton plantations along the MS River. New Orleans
By 1815, three cotton production centers emerged along the Mississippi River in the South Central states. Here, growing, processing, and distributing cotton were the major economic activities of these three cities and their surrounding areas. Name them Memphis, Tennessee; Natchez, Mississippi; and Baton Rouge, Louisiana
This abolitionist and Quaker was a saddle- maker in Wheeling, VT when he first became concerned about the morality of the American slave trade. In 1815, he formed the Union Human Society. He published the anti-slavery news,Genius of Univer. Emancipation. Benjamin Lundy
In 1816, Robert Finley, a Presbyterian clergyman,founded a society in D.C. to resettle free blacks on the west coast of Africa. Many prominent Americans were sponsors,including John C. Calhoun of South Carolina and Henry Clay of Kentucky.Name the society. American Colonization Society
The American Colonization movement was backed by funds from the US Government. These funds were used to establish a permanent colony on the west coast of Africa to resettle free blacks of the United States during the 1800s. What was the colony called? Liberia
After the American Colonization Society founded a home for free African in West Africa,two black leaders organized a protest of 3,000 black people against colonization in 1817. Name these two black leaders. James Forten and Richard Allen
Born in 1817 and enslaved in Tuckahoe, MD, this black American grew up, learned to read and write, and worked on the docks of Baltimore before escaping from slavery. He disguised himself as a sailor and used the Underground Railroad to escape to freedom. Frederick Douglass
In 1817,this wealthy black businessman joined with Richard Allen to form the Convention of Color. This convention argued for the settlement of enslaved black runaways in Canada and was pposed to any plans to send free blacks back to Africa. Name him. James Forten
Throughout the 1820s, this state was the top producer of sugar in the U.S., growing about 95 percent of the country’s total crop.60,000 enslaved people cultivated and harvested the crop. Name the state purchased from France and its largest city. Louisiana; New Orleans
In 1820, the largest number of enslaved black people (425,153) lived in this state. It had more than one-and-a-half times as many enslaved black people as the second largest concentration (258,475). Name the state. Which ranked 2nd? Virginia;South Carolina
In 1820, the American Colonization Society sponsored an expedition to establish a colony of free blacks in Liberia. In this year, a group of 86 free blacks set sail on this ship to Liberia. Name the ship. The Mayflower of Liberia
In 1821, a group of black women founded this society in Philadelphia. It loaned money to members for rent and other necessities, donated money for burial, gave aid to the sick, and provided a forum for members to settle disputes. Daughters of Africa Society
In 1821, Thomas Jennings became the first known black person to receive a patent for an invention. Money from his patent and business helped to support abolitionist causes. What was his invention? dry cleaning process
In 1822, this African American is named the first bishop of the AMEZ Church. Several years ago in 1818, he was the founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in New Haven, CT. This group added “Zion”--meaning city of God--to show differences. Rev. James Varick
This Quaker merchant moved to Wilmington, Delaware in 1822. Because of his strong opposition to slavery, he joined the PA Abolition Society and became one of the most noted “conductors” on the Underground Railroad. His home was the last stop. Thomas Garrett
This African American carpenter purchased his freedom in 1800 with the winnings from a lottery ticket. He urged other blacks to demand equality. In 1822, he plotted to free enslaved black people in Charleston, S.C. but was betrayed by a co-conspirator. Denmark Vesey
This school teacher, a member of the Society of Friends, tried to establish a school for enslaved blacks in Greensboro, NC but slave- holders would not allow them to attend. He moved to Newport, IN where he became a conductor of Underground Railroad. Levi Coffin
This formerly enslaved black person was educated in the North. In 1823,he moved to NC and opened up a shop where he made beautiful African-inspired furniture.His workshop, The Yellow Tavern, is now a National Historical Landmark. Name this artisan. Thomas Day (1800-1861)
In 1823, this African American was the first of his race to graduate from an American college. He received an A.B. degree from Middlebury College in VT. In 1836, he was elected to the VT State Legislature– the first African American state legislator. Alexander Lucius Twilight
In the 1820s, this African American began his career as a Shakespearean actor. Over several decades, he gave performances before monarchs of Sweden, Prussia, Austria,and Russia. He was best known for his portrayal of Othello. Name him. Ira Aldridge
This abolitionist was elected to Ohio’s House of Representatives in 1826. Several years later, he developed a close personal and political relationship with Benjamin Wade to form a strong anti-slavery movement in Ohio and in the U.S. Congress. Name him. Joshua Giddings
This school was built in Boston in 1824 and was open only to white children until 1855. Before 1855, black children had to attend the school at the African American Meeting House even if they lived closer to this school. Phillips School
On March 16, 1827, two African American leaders, Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm, published the first black newspaper in this country. What was the name of this newspaper? Freedom’s Journal
In 1827, this black educator and contributor to The Anglo African, an early black paper, established a school for black children in Philadelphia. She becomes an important leader in the Female Anti-Slavery Society and a life-long friend of the Grimkes. Sarah Mapps Douglass
On July 4, 1827, slavery was officially abolished in this northern state and more than 10,000 enslaved black persons received their freedom. Name the state. New York
By 1827,all states in the North had abolished slavery. In states of the Deep South, the situation was very different. The actual number of slaves increased following American independence. What specific factors contributed to the increase in the South? cotton production and the invention of the cotton gin
In Boston in 1829,this free black bolitionist published a radical antislavery pamphlet, Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World. He called for the use of violence to overthrow slavery. The ship carrying them was held in quarantine. David Walker
Created by: eckprime