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S.S. Ancient History

Fertile Crescent

What are the social classes that make up the social hierarchy?Why is it symbolically shaped like a triangle? kings on top,then priests, then traders, merchants, and craftspeople, then farmers and laborers, slaves on bottom, triangle because more important top, less important bottom, fewer towards top
What was the Code of Hammurabi? Who created it? How many laws were there? Where were they written? What is the significance of these laws to society? a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life Hammurabi created it written on stela
Why was the purple dye made by the Phoenicians so expensive (and used as a symbol of wealth and importance by monarchs)? It took 10,000 mollusks to create one gram of purple dye
Which empire was known more for its trade than for winning battles? Phoenician Empire
What were the Chaldeans known for? sun-dial, calendar, geometry, imprisoned Hebrews
What were the Assyrians known for? moveable towers, battering rams, raze by fire, siege attack, siege engine, loot villages
What were the Hittites known for? chariots, ironworking
What were the Babylonians known for? Hammurabi's Code, eye for eye, social class
What were the Akkadians known for? world's first empire, Sargon
Who was the significant leader of the Chaldean Empire? Nebuchadnezzar
Who was the significant leader of the Babylonian Empire? Hammurabi
Who was the significant leader of the Akkadian Empire? Sargon
What is the order of the empires? Akkadian, Babylonian, Hittite, Assyrian, Chaldean
What is an Empire? How is it different from a city-state? empire-land with different territories and peoples under a single rule city-state- city + countryside around it
What is the difference between polytheism and monotheism? polytheism- worship of many gods monotheism- worship of one god
Which ruler created the "Hanging Gardens of Babylon"? What were they? Nebuchadnezzar trees/flowers on terraces/roofs
What are Ziggurats? Where were they located (within city-states)? Why were they tall? Pyramid-shaped temple tower middle of city-state home of certain god
What did the Sumerians contribute to mathematics? math system based on 60
Who invented the chariot? What was it? Hittites horse-drawn wheeled cart used in battle
Who created the Hanging Gardens of Babylon? What were they like? Nebuchadnezzar trees and flowers on terraces seemed to float
Who invented the moveable towers? What were they? Assyrians push against walls, climb over
Who invented battering-rams? What were they? Assyrians smash through walls
Who invented siege warfare? What was it? Assyrians repeated attacks
Who invented the wheel? What was it used for? Sumerians potter's wheel spins clay vehicles like carts and wagons
Who invented the sun-dial? What was it? Chaldeans told time from sun
Who invented the plow? What was it? Sumerians pulled by oxen, broke through hard clay, prepare for planting, increase farm production
What was a scribe? writer government officials + temples hire them to keep track of business and trade
What is cuneiform? How was it used? How did it start out? world's first system of writing used for business records and to keep track of trade cylinder seals
What were the ancient irrigation systems? What are canals, rivers, levees, dams? irrigation system- a way of supplying water to an area of land canals- human-made water ways rivers- natural flowing body of water levee- banks/sides of river dam- man-made barrier to block water
What is division of labor? The type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
What is the sequence of events leading up to the first independent Sumerian city-states developing in Mesopotamia? The rivers with water and food and fertile soil cause hunter-gatherer groups to settle, making farming settlements, and making city-states
What is silt and what does it have to do with flooding? mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks, made from flooding
Why is the Fertile Crescent fertile? rivers flood, making silt, which makes the land fertile
What is Mesopotamia (literally), what does it refer to, and who named it Mesopotamia? means "between the rivers", refers to the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Greeks named it
Where is the Fertile Crescent? Persian Gulf to Mediterranean Sea
What is the Fertile Crescent? a large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland
Created by: michaellaz