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Ms. Emery's period 4

social studies extra credit chapter 3

What id the Fertile Cresent? Where is it? An area of land that had a fertile land for farming. It was in between the Mederteranian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
What is Mesopotamia? (literally) What does this refer to and who named it Mesopotamia? Mesopotamia means land between the 2 rivers, the Tigris and Eupjrates rivers. It was named by the Greeks
Why is this area fertile? It is in the fertile cresent and is in between 2 rivers so they have a good recourse of water.
What is silt and what does it have to do with the flooding? Silt is a mixture of rich soil and rocks it forms after a flood.
Know the sequence of events leading up to the first independent Sumerian city states developing in this area. 1. farmers 2. some people ruruall areas 3. 10,000 residents 4. cities grew 5. 2,000 BC more than 100,000 people 6. so then they split up into city-states
What is division of labor? A type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or a job
What is cuneiform? How was it used? How did it start out? Cunieform type of writing that sumerians used. It stated out with pistographs then it developed.
What is a scribe? List details of the job. ~scribe is a writer ~ be hired because... -keep track of trade -keep records ~way to move up in social class
The Plow (Sumerians) ~pulled by oxen ~broke through hard soil ~easier to farm
The Sun-Dial (the New Babylonians or Chaldeans) ~Babyloian- center of astronamy ~chaldeans -charted postion of stars -kept track of economic, political, adn weather
The Wheel ~to build veichels -carts -wagons ~spins clay for a potter called: potter's wheel
Seige warfare ~mean, brutal, evil, cruel ~Assyrians
Battering-rams ~with wheels ~used to open doors ~pushed
Moveable Towers ~up, up, up, over, and down ~moveable
Hanging Garden of Babylon ~terraces and roofs -flowers -trees -garden in the air
Chariot Wheeled horse-drawn cart used in battle
What did the Sumerians contribute to Mathamatics? ~the number 60 ~60 degrees was a full circle and still is ~also calculated areas of... -triangles -rectangles
What are Ziggurats? Where were they located (within city-states)? Why were they tall? ~pyramid shaped temple tower ~within each city-state... -in the center ~need to be large... -rose above each city-state
Which ruler created the “Hanging Gardens of Babylon”? What were they? ~Nebuchadnezzar ~a garden with flowers and trees in the sky -a gsrden in the sky of roof
What is the difference between polytheism and monotheism? ~polytheism beileve and worship the gods ~monotheism don't beileve and worship the gods
What is an EMPIRE? How is it different from a city-state? ~land with different territories and people under a single ruler ~city-states are the same types of people and don't have kings
Akkadians signifigant leaders: Sargon important facts and details: ~developed along Euphrates and Tigris river ~peace until 2300s BC when Sargon wanted more Akkadian territory ~first ruler to have an army
Babylonians significant leader: Hammurabi important facts and details: ~Hammurabi's code -the first written laws -282 delt with every day ~ruled foe 42 years -most important city in Mesopotamia ~Hammurabi's code is similar to our laws we have today
Babylonian II Chaldeans Neo-Babylonians signifigant leaders: Nebuchadnezzar important facts and details: ~652 BC Assyrians Empire wanted to rule ~Nebuchadnezzar most famous king rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city -into garden in the sky -"Hanging Gardens"
Which empire was known more for its trade than for winning battles? The Phoenicians
Why was the purple dye made by the Phoenicians so expensive (and used as a symbol of wealth and importance by monarchs)? took 10,000 mollusks to create one gram of the purple dye
What was the Code of Hammurabi? Who created it? How many laws were there? Where were they written? What is the significance of these laws to society? 1. kings/monarchs 2. builders, merchants, and traders 3. slaves/ servants ~it is shaped like a triangle to represent that the tophad more but less people were at the top and the bottom people had less but more people
Hitties signifigant leader: the hitties king improtant facts and details: ~ruled Babylon -king killed by assasians -kassties captured and ruled 400 years ~invented... -chariot -iron working -weapons
Assyrians signifigant leader: the Assyrian king important facts and details: ~evil, mean, killers, and cruel ~1200 BC control over Babylon -got invaded -300 years to recover -900 BC conqured Fertile Cresent
Created by: harrypottervb