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Civics Chapter 12

Federal System The sharing of power between the centeral and state goverment
Reserved Power Powers that the Constitution does not give to the national goverment that are kept by the states
Concurrent Powers Powers shared by the state and federal governments
Grants-in-aid Money awarded to the states by ferderal government
Unicameral one-house legislature
Bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts, or house
Census A population count taken by the Census Bureau
Apportion divide among districts
Malapportionment Unequal representation in state legislatures
Line-item Veto to veto only a specific part of a bill
Commute to reduce a criminal's sentance
Parole to grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain resrictions
Justice of the peace The judge of a small, local court
Misdemeanor a reatively minor offense such as vansalism or stealing inexpensive iteams
Magistrate Court Police courts generally located on larger towns, may handle traffic violations, civil cases involving small amounts of money
Civil Case personor group taking legal action against another person or group
Plaintiff a person or party filing a lawsuit
Defendant an indvidual or group being sued or charged with a crime
Felony a serious crime such as murder, rape, kidnapping, or robbery
consent approval
expanded developed
revise change
whereas federal grants
issue distrubutes
guideline rules
Created by: KaitlinSu