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Social Studies Vocab

Absolute Location the specific address or latitude and longitude of a place
Cardinal Directions north, south, east, west
Cartographer a mapmaker
Compass Rose a symbol that shows direction on a map
Coordinates the letter and number that identify a grid square; the latitude and longitude of a place
Degrees the units of latitude and longitude lines
Distortion the changes in a sphere that are shown on a flat surface, such as a map
Equator the imaginary line around the middle of the Earth that divides Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
Geography the study of Earth and the ways people use Earth
Globe a model of Earth shaped like a sphere or ball
Grid a pattern of lines that cross each other to form squares
Hemisphere half of a sphere; half of Earth; the four hemispheres are Eastern, Western, Northern, and Southern
Inset Map a small map within a larger map
Interchange a junction on a major highway with special connecting ramps to allow vehicles to change roads without interrupting the flow of traffic
Intermediate Directions northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
International Date Line an imaginary line at about 180 degrees longitude where the day changes
Kilometers a unit of length used in measuring distance in the metric system
Latitude the distance north or south of the Equator measured in degrees
Legend a map key, or list of symbols on a map, and what they stand for
Longitude the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian measured in degrees
Map Index the alphabetical list of places on a map with their grid coordinates
Map Scale the guide that shows what distances on a map equal in the real world
Mercator Projections a projection that shows the compass directions between places accurately. Distance and size are distorted, especially near poles.
Meridians lines of longitude
Mileage Markers small triangles and numbers on a map used to indicate distances along highways
Miles a unit of length used in measuring distances
North Pole the point farthest north on Earth
Parallels lines of latitude
Prime Meridian the line of longitude from the North Pole to the South Pole marked at 0 degrees
Projection a way of showing Earth's curved surfaces on a flat map
Regions the basic unit of geography; areas that have one or more features in common
Relative Location describing a location by what it is near or what is around it
Robinson Projection the flat projection that most closely resembles a globe. It shows less distortion than other projections do.
South Pole the point farthest south on Earth
Standard Time Zones Earth is divided into 24 time zones. Each time zone has a clock time one hour earlier than the zone to its east
Primary Sources first hand information, comes directly from the past
Primary Sources Recorded by an eyewitness, helps us experience the past
Secondary Sources second hand information, not recorded by an eyewitness
Before Christ B.C.
Anno Domini A.D.
Before Common Era B.C.E.
Common Era C.E.
Century 100 years
Decade 10 years
Millennium 1,000 years
Immediate Effect Happens right away
Long Term Effect Happens over time
Created by: GNNMS6