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Path Con Pulmonology

NHTC 8 Pathological Conditions Pulmonology

dyspnea difficult or painful respiration
sputum material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated through the mouth
hypercapnia increased level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the blood
COPD a group of lung diseases that is characterized by chronic persistent obstruction of the airway
tachypnea abnormally rapid breathing; hyperventilation
emphysema chronic condition that develops slowly where there is destruction of alveolar walls and permanently inflated alveolar air spaces
consolidation solidification of the lungs caused by pneumonia
bronchiolitis common infection in young children caused by the respiratory syncytial virus
asphyxia condition caused by insufficient oxygen intake as in drowning, shock, inhalation of toxic smoke, or lodging of a foreign body in the respiratory tract
atelectasis collapse of a lung or part of a lung
pulmonary embolus blood clot or other material that travels through the bloodstream and lodges in the pulmonary vessels
tuberculosis infectious disease that produces tubercles in the lung; contracted through aerosol transmission
pleurisy inflammation of the pleural membranes
anoxemia deficiency of oxygen in the blood
accute respiratory distress syndrome a form of pulmonary edema in which dyspnea and tachypnea are followed by progressive hypoxemia; also called shock lung
hydrothorax a noninflammatory accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity
adventituous abnormal breath sounds heard on auscultation to the chest
cystic fibrosis genetic disorder that results in thick, tenacious mucus due to a defect in the exocrine glands
anthracosis accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs from inhalation of coal dust or smoke
pneumothorax collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity
Created by: rmlgray