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Review of Diseases 7


aneurysm abnormal dilation of more than 50% in the wall of a blood vessel due to weakness in the vessel wall. Usually affects arteries
varicose veins enlarged, dilated, superficial veins - usually in the legs
deep vein thrombosis DVT - blood clot in a deep vein usually found in the lower legs
rheumatic heart disease complication of rheumatic fever caused by strep group A infection. Causes inflammation and damage to the heart - usually the valves
myocarditis inflammation of the middle of the heart wall
agranulocytosis condition in which production of neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils in decreased
disseminated intravascular coagulation DIC - serious condition arising as complicatio of other disorders (septicemia) that causes microvascular blood clotting
peripheral artery disease partial or complete obstruction of the arteries in the periperal vessels - legs more common
Raynaud Disese disorder affecing blood vessels of fingers, toes, nose that constrict blood flow - can be triggered by cold temperature
polycythemia vera chronic disorder - increased production of RBC/ increased blood volume and viscosity/ elevated Hct.
cor pulmonale enlargement of the right ventricle
anemia decrease in RBC / low hct and hgb
myocardial infarction death of heart muscle due to lack of blood flow - heart attack
cardiomyopathy condition of deterioration of the heart muscle
angina pectoris chest pain and pressure caused by insufficient blood and oxygen supply to the heart
cardiac tamponade heart becomes compressed from excess collection of fluid in the pericardial sac. Causes the heart to have limited function.
coronary artery disease narrowing of the vessels of the heart due to arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis
atrial fibrillation uneven rhythm and impulse of the mycardial cells within the atria
hypertension elevated blood pressure - generally considered to be above 140/90 on several occations
Created by: cskinner