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WGU-SSC1 ch 3

Western Governor's University, General Education Social Science, chapter 3

A position attained through individual effort or merit. achieved status
A number of people who are in the same place at the same times, but who do not interact with one another. aggregate
An inherited position-one that is not attained through individual effort or merit. ascribed status
The hierarchical system of administration prevailing within a formal organization. The hierarchy depends on job specialization, a set of rules and standards to promote uniformity, and an attitude of impersonal impartiality. bureaucracy
(referring to people) A number of people who have some characteristics in common but who do not interact with one another. category
A social process (form of interaction) that occurs when two or more individuals try to obtain possession of the same scarce object or intangible value using rules and limits. competition
A social process (interaction) consisting of a hostile struggle in which two or more persons engage for an object or walue that each prizes, possibly to the point of destruction. conflict
A basic social process (interaction) involving two or more individuals or groups working jointly in a common enterprise for a shared goal. cooperation
The smallest type of group, consisting of two members. dyad
A social process (interaction) consisting of a transaction in which one of two individuals-or groups or scieties-does something for the other with the expectation of receiving something of equal value in return. exchange
Large-scale associations of people in which most of the activites of complex societies are handled. They are highly organized groups displaying a formal structure, a body of officers, the expectation of permanence, and a hierarchical org. of authority formal organizations (bureaucracy)
A small, homogeneous, communal, and traditional society. Relationships among members are personal, informal, and face-to-face, and behavior is dictated by tradition. Gemeinschaft
A large, heterogeneous society, typified by the modern industrial state. Relationships among members tend to be impersonal, formal, contractual, functional, and specialized. Also called an associational society Gesellschaft
number of people who engage in symbolic interaction; who are mutually aware of & influence each other; who recognize their membership in the group and are in turn recognized members by group; who are aware of the roles, duties, obligations, & privileges group
Group to which the individual belongs and which confers on the individual a social identity. in-group
Created by: marquez817