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#3 Road for Empire

Unit 3 The Road for Empire

Columbian Exchange The transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Circumnavigate To travel all the way around the globe.
Conquistador A Spanish soldier and explorer who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain.
Encomienda System A system in Spanish America that gave settlers the right to tax local Indians or to demand their labor in exchange for protecting them and converting them to Christianity.
Plantation A large farm that usually specialized in growing one kind of crop for profit.
Protestant Reformation A religious movement begun by Martin Luther and others in 1517 to reform the Catholic Church.
Spanish Armada A large Spanish fleet defeated by England in 1588.
Northwest Passage A nonexistent path through North America that early explorers searched for that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
Charter An official document that gives a person the right to establish a colony.
Sea Dogs The name given to English sailors who raided Spanish treasure ships. The most successful sea dog was Sir Francis Drake.
Tenochtitlan King Moctezuma's capital city that was built on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. The city had temples, a palace.
Viceroy A royal official who runs a colony on behalf of the king.
MIddle Passage A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies.
African Diaspora the scattering of African slaves through out the New World, Brazil, New Spain, Carribean, Peru, Latin American and North America.
Created by: jedoug8