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Bonewit chapter 4

Vital signs

Adventitious sounds Abnormal breath sounds.
Afebrile Without fever
Alveolus A thin walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide take place.
Antecubital space The space located at the front of the elbow.
Aorta The trunk of the artial body system
Apena Tempory cessation of breathing.
Axilla Armpit
Bounding pulse A pulse that feels strong and full
Bradycardia A slow heart rate less than 60 beats per minute.
Bradypnea A decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute.
Celsius scale Freezing point of water is zero,and the boiling point is one hundred.
Cunduction Transfer of energy from one object to another.
Convection Transfer of energy through air currents.
Crisis Falling of an elevated body tempature.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin,and mucus membranes
Diastole The heart relaxes between contractions in the cardiac cycle.
Diastolic pressure The point of lesser preasure on the arterial wall,which is recorded during diastole.
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing.
Dysrythmia An irregular rythm,also termed arrythmia.
Eupena Normal respiration
Exhalation the act of breathing out.
Fahrenheit scale A tempature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 and the boiling point is 212.
Febrile Pertaining to fever.
Fever A body tempature that is above normal;synonym for pyrexia.
Frenulum linguae The middline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
Hyperpnea An abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respiration
Hyperporyrexia An extremely high fever
Hypertension high blood preasure
Hyperventilation A fast and deep type of breathing.Can be associated with anxiety
Hypopnea An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
Hypotension low blood preasure.
Hypothermia A body tempature bellow normal.
Hypoxemia A decrease in oxygen saturation of the blood.
Hypoxieia A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues.
Inhalation Breathing in.
Intercostal Between the ribs
Korotkoff sounds Sounds used to determine blood preasure readings.
Malaise A weakness the marks the onset of a disease.
Manometer an instrument used for measuring blood preasure.
Meniscus A curved surface.
Orthopnea When breathing is esier if a person is sitting or standing
Pulse oximeter A computerized device to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse oximetry The use of a pulse oximeter.
Pulse preasure The difference between systolic and diastolic preasure.
Pulse rhythm The interval between heartbeats.
Pulse volume The strength of a heartbeat.
Radiation The transfer of energy in the form of waves.
Sao2 The percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen.
SpO2 The percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen measured by a pulse oximeter.
Sphygmomanometer Measures arterial blood preasure.
Stethoscope Hears sounds by the body.
Systole Phase where the ventricle contract in the cardiac cycle pushing blood out of the heart.
Systolic preasure Maximum preasure on the artial walls which is recorded during systole
Tachycardia Abnormally fast heart more than 100 beats per minute.
Tachypenia Abnormal increase in the respiratory rate more than 20 beats per minute.
Thready pulse A pulse with a decreased volume that sounds weak and thin.
Created by: justine whitley