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Bonwit chapter 2

Medical Asepisis

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic Anagent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infections or patheogens;the actions practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens.
cilia Slender hairlike projections that constantly beat towards the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
Contaminate to soil or make impure.
Hand hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The condition in which the body,or part of it,is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number and hinder the transmission of patheogens.
Microorganisms A microscopicplant or animal.
Nonintact skin Skin that has a break in the surface.
Nonpathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviorment.
Optimum growth tempature The tempature at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes,such as through needlesticks,human bites,cuts,and abrasions.
Pathogen A disease producing microorganism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic.
Postexposure prophylaxis Treatment administerd to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
Regulated medical waste Medical waste that poses as a threat to health and safety.
Reservoir host The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as the source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident flora Harmless,nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally cause disease.Also known as normal flora.
Susceptible Easily affected;lackig resistance.
Transient flora Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up through daily activities.
Created by: justine whitley