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SI chap. 11

Motivation a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
Drive-reduction theory the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
Homeostasis a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
Incentive a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
Hierarchy of needs Maslow's pyramid of human needs
Glucose the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues
Set point the point at which the individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set
Basal metabolic rate the body's resting rate of energy expenditure
Anorexia nervosa an eating disorder in which a person diets and beomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve
Bulimia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
Binge-eating disorder significant binge-eating episodes followed by distress, disgust, or guilt
Sexual response cycle the four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution
Refractory period a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm
Estrogens sex hormones, secreted in greater amounts by females than males
Testosterone the most important of the male sex hormones
Sexual orientation an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex
Flow a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time
Industrial-organization (I/O) psychology the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces
Personnel psychology a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development
Organizational psychology a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change
Structured interviews interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants
Achievement Motivation a desire for significant accomplishment for mastery of things, people, or ideas
Task leadership goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals
Social leadership group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support
Created by: cfranci2