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EOC Terms

Migration movement of peoples
Columbian Exchange the movement of plants, animals, and diseases between Eastern and Western Hemispheres during the age of exploration
Suburbs communities or a political unit touching the boarders of the city
Representative Democracy where the people rule through elected representatives
Exports goods sold to another country
Free Enterprise private individuals own most of the resources, technology, and businesses, and can operate them for profit with little control from the government.
Service Industry is any kind of economic activity that produces a service rather than a product
Multinationals engaging in business worldwide
Megalopolis is a region in which several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
Metropolitan Area a functional area including a city and its surrounding suburbs and exurbs linked economically
Provinces political units, like a state or territory
Reserves when you set a resource aside, or save it for future use
Terrorism use of force or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of intimidating or causing fear for political or social ends
Global Network worldwide interconnected group
Coalition an alliance or pact between two parties
Urban Sprawl poorly planned development that spreads a city's population over a wider and wider geographical area
Infrastructure basic facilities, services, and machinery needed for a community to function
Sustainable Communities communities where residents could live and work
Smart Growth efficient use and conservation of land and other resources
Permafrost permanently frozen ground
Nomads people who move from place to place
Locks sections of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised or lowered
St. Lawrence Seaway connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean by way of the St. Lawrence River
Prevailing Westerlies winds that blow from west to east in the middle of the latitudes
Urban Geography the study of how people use space in cities
Landlocked surrounded by other land with no direct access to the sea/ocean
Carrying Capacity is the number of organisms a piece of land can support
Population Density the average number of people who live in a measurable area
Mortality Rate also know as death rate, is the number of deaths per thousand people
Birthrate number of live births per thousand people
Fertility rate average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime
Infant Mortality rate (IMR) the number of deaths among infants under the age of 1, per thousand live births
Dialect changes in speech patterns related to class, region, or other cultural changes
Diffusion the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
Innovation taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need
Acculturation occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
Culture is the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group
Society a group that shares a geographic region, a sense of identity, and a culture
Assimilation occurs when a minority group gives up its culture and adopts the majority groups culture
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
Economic Tiger is a nation that has rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports.
Pacific Rim the countries surrounding the Pacific Ocean
Ring of Fire a chain of Volcanoes that line the Pacific Rim
Tsunami A huge wave of great destructive power
Global Economy where nations are dependent of each other for goods and services
Recession an extended decline in general business activity
Archipelago is a set of closely grouped islands
High Islands are created by volcanoes
Low Islands are made up of coral reefs
Oceania the Pacific Islands, which include New Zealand and Australia
Great Barrier Reef the worlds largest coral reef
Outback the unpopulated inland region in Australia
Atoll is a ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
Industrialization the growth of industry, and the growth of cities that results
Push-Pull Factors forces that push or pull people out of their homelands
Andes Mountains a chain of mountain ranges that run through the western portion of South America
Amazon River the largest river in the world, flows 4,000 miles from west to east emptying into the Atlantic Ocean
Rain Forest are dense forests made up of different species of trees
Slash and Burn cutting down of trees, brush, and grasses and burning the debris to clear a field
Terraced Farming is a farming technique where they cut step-like horizontal fields into hillsides and slopes
Infrastructure the basic things a city or economy needs to function. including sewers, transportation, electricity, housing, and communications
Deforestation cutting down and clearing away of trees in the rain forest
Global Warming the warming of the earths atmosphere, creating weather patterns to change
Land Reform the process of breaking up large land holdings and giving portions of the land to land-poor peasant farmers
North Atlantic Drift a current of warm water from the tropics, flows near Europe's west coast bringing it warm weather
Republic a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name
Aqueducts structures that carried water for long distances
Nationalism is the belief that people should be loyal to their nation
Parliament is a representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed
Market Economy in which industries make the goods consumers want to buy
Created by: jonwstone