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Latin American Vocab

Surrounded by Mexico's Sierra Madre mountain ranges. Mild climate, fertile volcanic soil, and adequate rainfall. Mexican Plateau
Mountain range in South America Andes
Parallel chains or ranges of mountains Cordilleras
Spanish for "high plain", a region in Peru and Bolivia encircled by the Andes peaks Altiplano
Sparsely populated plateau of forests and grasslands, that spreads across Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru Malto Grosso Plateau
Farther east of the Mato Grosso Plateau, a vast area spanning several climate and vegetation zones. Warm climate and open spaces make it important for raising livestock. Brazilian Highlands
Steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface. Escarpment
Grasslands of Colombia and Venezuela Llanos
Grassy, treeless plains of southern South America (Argentina and Uruguay) Pampas
The Western Hemisphere's longest river, and the world's second longest. Flows from the headwaters of the Peruvian Andes to the Atlantic coast of Brazil (4000 miles) Amazon River
Electrical energy generated by falling water. Hydroelectric power
"River of the Silver" which flows into the Atlantic Ocean Rio de la Plata
Generally the rivers of Middle America are small, but this one is the exception. Forms part of the border between the United States and Mexico. Rio Grande
Located in the Andes of Bolivia and Peru, it is the world's highest navigable lake. Lake Titicaca
Spanish term for "frozen land"; a zone of permanent snow and ice on the peaks of the Andes Tierra helada
Spanish term for "cold land"; the highest altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates Tierra fria
Spanish term for "temperate land"; the middle-altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates Tierra templada
Spanish term for "hot land"; the lowest altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates Tierra caliente
Blanketed by the world's largest expanse of tropical rain forests. World's wettest tropical plain. Amazon Basin
Top layer of a rain forest, where the tops of tall trees form a continuous layer of leaves Canopy
Coastal desert that is so arid that in some places no rainfall has ever been recorded Atacama Desert
Native to a place Indigenous
The Maya's thrived here Yucatan Peninsula
Refers to people of Native American and European descent Mestizo
The movement of people from rural areas to cities Urbanization
Mexico's largest megacity with a population of more than 19 million people. A primate city. The primary destination for most people who move within Mexico Mexico City
A city with more than ten million people Megacity
A city that dominates a country's economic, culture, and goverment, and in which population is concentrated; usually the capital Primate city
Picture writing carved in stone Glyphs
The Aztec civilizations capital in Central Mexico, it was built on an island in a large lake Tenochtitlan
Floating farming islands made by the Aztec Chinampas
Spanish term for "conqueror" referring to soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America Conquistador
Representative of the Spanish monarch appointed to enforce laws in colonial Latin America Viceroys
A Latin American political leader from the late 1800's to the present day, often a military dictator Caudillo
A blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith Syncretism
Faulty or inadequate nutrition Malnutrition
Wall Painting Murals
Picture or design made with small pieces of colored stone, glass, shell, or tile Mosaics
Household made up of several generations of family members Extended family
The island where the first permanent European settlement was founded in 1493 Hispaniola
The movement of plants, animals, and infectious diseases between Europe and the Americas as Europeans claimed lands in the Americas for Spain, Portugal, France, and Britain Columbian Exchange
Allows ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans without sailing around the sourthern tip of South America. Human-made Panama Canal
A soldier born to enslaved parents, who led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Haiti Francois Toussaint-Louverture
A revolution in 1959 set up a communist state in Cuba under this man Fidel Castro
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica Provinces of Central America
Local form of a language used in a particular place or by a certain group Dialects
Dialect that blend elements of indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages Patois
Family ruled by a woman such as a mother, grandmother, or aunt Matriarchal
the former capital of Brazil, switched in 1960 in order to draw people away from the densely populated coast Rio De Janeiro
The new capital of Brazil, a planned city in the country's interior Brasilia
the loss of highly educated and skilled workers to other countries Brain Drain
cities in wealthy neighborhoods, where houses are hidden behind gates or walls Favelas
location of where four quarters met, and where the Inca's built their capital Cuzco
"land of the four quarters". Name of the Incan empire Tawantinsuyu
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the Inca to keep financial records Quipu
A conquistador who sailed for Peru from the Spanish territory of Panama Francisco Pizarro
Created by: Kbarbuch