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S.S. Test Cards

Arabian Peninsula, Trade, Why was Mecca Important, Muhammad's Life

Desert Environment Hot, dry, Freezing temperatures at night, 3.4 inches of rain fall, and violent sand storms some plant life
Desert Adaptations People move from place to place called nomads, they use camels as transportation, wore long gowns to protect against dust, heat, and bugs, and raised sheep and goats for milk and wool
Oasis Environment Vary in sizes, plant life and vegetation, water underground rises for wells and springs, provides foods, water and shade
Oasis Adaptation they built houses called sedentary, they farmed and trades goods to the nomads, they grew fruits, dates and figs, Oasis turned into trading centers and towns
Coastal Plains Environment rains falls reularly, plenty of animals in the sea ends at rocky cliffs, there are dry riverbeds that fill up with water during rainy seasons
Coastal Plains Adaptations built irrigation systems, built houses out of mud bricks, stones, and wood, stores water in hallowed out trees, built terraces on hillside to farm on the side of the mountain
Bedouins a nomadic Arab of the Arabian, Syrian, or North African deserts
Nomad A member of a people who have no fixed residence but move from place to place.
Clan A group of people tracing descendent from a common ancestor
caravan a company of travelers journeying together
Mecca City that is at the intersection of six trade routes
Judaism & Christianity Two religions that spread along the Arabian Peninsula through the trade routes
Why is the Arabian Peninsula well situated for trade It is a crossroads of three continents, Asia, Africa, and Europe, surrounded by the Mediterranean sea, Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and Persian Gulf
Goods produced on the Arabian Peninsula that were highly sought after by other Empires Incense, Copper, Purfumes
Ka'aba ancient religious shrine located in Mecca
Pilgrimage A religious journey to a holy site.
Polytheism Belief in many gods.
Monotheism One God
Allah Arabic word for "God"
What does Islam mean Peace through submission to the will of God
Why did Muhammad preach there was only one God He was told by the Angel Gabriel that told him he was the messenger of Allah
Qur'an Muhammad's teachings and sermons
Muslims Muhammad's followers
Medina "City of the Prophet"
Shahada (Profession of Faith) - All Muslims believe and recite this creed: "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God"
Salat (Daily Worship) Muslims pray 5 times a day, Dawn noon midday, sunset nightfall, when Muslims pray they face toward Mecca to honor Muhammad and the roots of Islam, Muslims worship together in church's called mosques and listen to peaches and teachers called Imams
Zakat (Charity) Muslims must give away 2.5 percent of their income or possessions, Now goes toward food, shelter, clothing for poor Muslims in debt
Siyam (fasting) During Ramadan Muslims fast (go without food) during daylight hours to show their dependence on Allah for strength rather than food.To celebrate the end of Ramadan Muslims hold a big feast know as "Eid al-Fitr," which means "conclusions of the fast"
Hajj (Pilgrimage) All Muslims who can do do are expected to make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, the Hajj promotes equality and unity because Muslims from all over the world visit Mecca, 2-3 Million Muslims come to Mecca at the same time
Created by: Brea.Zellner