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RODP Medical Terms

The Language of Medicine Ninth Edition Chapter 1 Vocabulary and Terminology

adenitis inflammation of the gland
adenoma tumor of a gland
adenopathy a disease conditioon of a gland (often enlargement)of a gland
anemia decrease of hemoglobin in the blood,caused by low red blood cell production,loss of blood or increase of red blood cell destruction
arthralgia pain of a joint
arthritis inflammation of a joint
autopsy examination of a body after death (postmortem) to determine the cause of death
biology study of life (living organisms)
biopsy process of removing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination
carcinogenic pertaining to producing cancer
carcinoma cancerous or malignant tumor
cardiac pertaining to the heart
cardiology study of the heart
cephalic pertaining to the head
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder
cytology study of cells
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatology study of the skin
diagnosis complete knowledge of a patient's condition
electrocardiogram record of the electricity within the heart
electroencephalogram record of the electricity within the brain
endocrine glands glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream
endocrinologist specialist in the study of the endocrine glands
endocrinology study of the endocrine glands
endoscope instrument to visually examine within the body
endoscopy process of visual examination within the body
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
enteropathy disease condition of the intestine
epidermis the outer layer of the skin
epigastric pertaining to above or upon the stomach
erythrocyte red blood cell
excision process of cutting out; removal; resection
exocrine glands glands that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body
gastrectomy removal or excision of the stomach
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastroenterology study of the stomach and intestines
gastrotomy incision of the stomach
gynecologist specialist in the study of disorders of the female reproductive system
gynecology study of the diseases of women,particularly those affecting the female reproductive system
hematology study of blood and blood disorders
hematoma collection or mass of blood
hemoglobin blood protein contained in red blood cells
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hepatoma tumor of the liver, hepatocellular carcinoma
hyperglycemia high levels of sugar in the blood stream; often associated with diabetes mellitus
hyperthyroidism secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone,or T4)
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
hypogastric pertaining to below the stomach
hypoglycemia low/deficient levels of sugar in the bloodstream
iatrogenic pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure
incision process of cutting into or making an incision
leukemia disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells
leukocyte white blood cell
leukocytosis slight increase in white blood cells
nephrectomy removal of a kidney
nephritis inflammation of a kidney
nephrology study of the kidneys and kidney disease
nephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney
neural pertaining to nerves
neuralgia pain of nerves
neurologic pertaining to the study of nerves
neurology study of nerves and nerve disorders
oncologist specialist in the study of tumors,particularly malignant growths
oncology study of tumors particularly malignant growths
ophthalmologist specialist in the study of the eyes and eye disorders
ophthalmoscope instrument used by an ophthalmologist to visually examine the eyes
osteitis inflammation of a bone
osteoarthritis inflammation of bones and joints; degeneraton of bones and joints
osteotomy incision of a bone
pathogenic pertaining to producing disease
pathologist a specialist in the study of disease
pathology study of disease
pediatric pertaining to treatment of children
pericardium the sac surrounding the heart
prognosis state of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness
prostate gland a gland in men that surrounds the neck of the urinary bladder and the uretha
prostate gland produces a fluid which, after combining with sperm cells, leaves the body as semen
psychiatrist specialist in treatment of the mind
psychiatry treatment of the mind
psychology study of the mind
radiology study of x-rays and related prcedures for diagnosis
renal pertaining to the kidney
resection removal or excision of an organ or part of the body
retrocardiac pertaining to behind the heart
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
sarcoma tumor (malignant) of fleshy tissue such as bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage
subhepatic pertaining to below the liver
thrombocyte a cell that helps blood to clot; a platelet
transhepatic pertaining to through or across the liver
urology study of the urinary tract
Created by: vshubert10