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Med Terminology

ansgenius -Not Built from Word Parts

abrasion scraping away of the skin by mechanical process
abscess localized collection of pus
acne inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles
actinic keratosis a precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight. It may evolve into a squamous cell carcinoma
basal cell carcinoma epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. It seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue. Common in individuals who have had excessive sun exposure
candidiasis an infection of the skin, mouth (thrush), or vagina caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans. Candida is normally present in the mucous membranes; overgrowth causes an infection. Esophageal cadidiasis is often seen in patients with AIDS
carbuncle skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by stphylococcal bacteria
cellulitis inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and fever
contusion injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration
eczema noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs, and itching
fissure slit or crack-like sore in the skin
furuncle painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bateria in a hair follicle
gangrene death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion
herpes inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters. Many types of herpes exist. Herpes simplex, for example, causes fever blisters and herpes zoster, also called shingles, is characterized by painful skin erupti
impetigo superficial skin infection, characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or streptococci
Kaposi's sarcoma a cancerous condition starting as purple or brown pimples on the feet which spreads through the skin to the lymph nodes and internal organs. Frequently seen with AIDS
laceration torn, ragged-edged wound
lesion any pathological change in the structure or funtion of tissue resulting from injury or disease
pediculosis invasion into the skin and hair by lice
psoriasis chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales
scabies skin infection caused by the itch mite, characterized by papule eruptions, which are caused by the female burrowing in the outer layer of the skin and laying eggs. This condition is accompanied by severe itching
scleroderma a disease characterized by chronic hardening (induration) of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs
squamous cell carcinoma a malignant growth that develops from scale-like epithelial tissue. On the skin it appears as a firm, red, painless bump. The most frequent cause is chronic exposure to sunlight
systemic lupus erythematosus a chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system. This autoimmune disease is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbations. It also may affect other organs
tinea fungus infection of the skin, commonly called ringworm
urticaria an itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape. It is usually related to an allergy and is commonly known as hives
dermatologist a physician who studies and treats skin diseases
dermatology study of the skin (a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases)
dermatome instrument used to cut skin
epidermal pertaining to upon the skin
erythroderma red skin
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
intradermal pertaining to within the skin
keratogenic originating in horny tissue
leukoderma white skin
necrosis abnormal condition of death
percutaneous pertaining to through the skin
staphylococcus berry-shaped (bacteria) in grape-like clusters
streptococcus berry-shaped (bacteria) in twisted chains
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
ungual pertaining to the nail
xanthodermal yellow skin (also called jaundice)
adipose fat, fatty
albino an individual with pigment deficiency in the eyes, hair, and skin. A hereditary disorder
allergy hypersensitivity to a substance
alopecia loss of hair
cicatrix scar
cytomegalovirus (CMV) a herpes-type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised
debridement removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound
decubitus ulcer bedsore; an open area of skin caused by pressure or irritation
dermabrasion proceudre to remove skin scars with abrasive material, such as sandpaper
diaphoresis profuse sweating
disseminate to scatter over a considerable area
ecchymosis escape of blood into the tissues, causing superficial discoloration; a "black and blue" mark
edema puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid
emollient agent that softens or sootes the skin
erythema redness
induration abnormal hard spots
jaundice condition characterized by a yellow tinge to the skin
keloid overgrowth of scar tissue
leukoplakia condition charaterized by white spots or pathces on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous
macule flat, colored spot on the skin
nevus circumscribed pigmented area present at birth; mole, birthmark
pallor paleness
papule small, solid skin elevation (pimple)
petechia pinpoint skin hemorrhages
pruritus severe itching
purpura disorder characterized by hermorrhages into the tissue, giving the skin a purple-red discoloration
pustule elevation of skin containing pus
ulcer eroded sore on the skin or mucous membrane
verruca circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus; wart
vesicle small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid (blister)
virus an infectious agent
wheal transitory, round, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a red surrounding area; a wheal is an individual urticaria lesion
adenoiditis inflammation of the adenoids
atelectasis incomplete expansion (of the lung of a new born or collapsed lung)
bronchiectasis dilatation fo the bronchi
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma cancerous tumor originating in the bronchus
bronchopneumonia diseased state of the bronchi and lungs
diaphragmatocele hernia of the diaphragm
epigolottitis inflammation of the epiglottis
hemothorax blood in the chest (pleural space)
laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB) inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
lobar pneumonia pertaining to the lobe; diseased state of the lung (infection of one or more lobes of the lung)
nasopharyngitis inflammation of the nose and pharynx
pansinusitis inflammation of the nose and pharynx
pharyngitis inflammation of all sinuses
pleuritis inflammation of the pleura
pneumatocele hernia of the lung
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
pneumonia diseased state of the lung (the infection and inflammation are caused by bacteria such as Pneumococcus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Hamophilus; viruses; and fungi
pneumonitis inflammation of the lung
pneumothorax air in the chest, which causes collapse of the lung
pulmonary neoplasm pertaining to the lung, new growth
pyothorax pus in the chest (pleural space)
rhinitis inflammation of the (mucous membranes) nose
rhinomycosis abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
rhinorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the nose
thoracalgia pain in the chest
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
tracheitis inflammation of the trachea
tracheostenosis narrowing of the trachea
acapnia absence of carbon dioxide in the blood
adenotome surgical instrument ued to cut the adenoids
anoxia absence of oxygen
aphonia absence of voice
apnea absence of breathing
bronchoalveolar pertaining to the bronhi and alveoli
bronchospasm spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
diaphragmatic pertaining to the diaphragm
dysphonia difficult speaking
endotracheal pertaining to within the trachea
eupnea normal breathing
hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
hyperpnea excessive breathing
hypocapnia deficient carbon dioxide in the blood
hypopnea deficient breathing
hypoxemia deficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia deficient oxygen (to the tissues)
laryngeal pertaining to the larynx
laryngospasm spasmodic contraction of the larynx
mucoid resembling mucus
mucous pertaining to mucous
orthopnea able to breathe only in an upright position
nasopharyngeal pertaining to the nose and pharynx
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury. Symptoms include dyspnea, rapid breathing, and cyanosis
asthma respiratory diesase characterized by paroxysms of coughng, wheezing, and shortness of breath
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) a group of disorders that are almost always a result of smoking that obstructs bronchial flow. One or more of the following in varying degrees are present in COPD: emphysema, hronic bronchitis, bronchospasm, and bronchiolitis
coccidiodomycosis fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs of teh body
cor pulmonale serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema
croup condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, which occurs in children
cystic fibrosis generalized hereditary disorder of infants and children characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract
deviated septum one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury
emphysema stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
epistaxis nosebleed
influenza highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus
Legionnaire's disease a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep, which leads to absence of breathing
pertussis respiratory disease characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop
pleural effusion escape of fluid into the pleural space as a result of inflammation
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia a pneumonia caused by P. carinii, a fungus. Common disease in patients with AIDS
pulmonary edema fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism foreign matter, such as a blood clot, air, or fat clot, carried in the circulation to the pulmonary artery; where it blocks circulation
tuberculosis an infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of infected droplets, and usually affecting the lungs
upper respiratory infection (URI) infection of the pharynx, larynx, trachea
airway a passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs, mechanical device used to keep the air pasageway unobstructed
asphyxia deprivaton of oxygen for tissue usage; suffocation
aspirate to withdraw fluid or to suction; to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract
bronchoconstrictor agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilator agent causing the bronchi to widen
cough sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs
hiccup sudden catchin of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
hyperventilation ventialation of the lugns beyond normal body needs
hypoventilation ventilation fo the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
mucopurulent containing both mucus and pus
mucus slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
nebulizer device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment
nosocomial infection an infection acquired during hospitalization
paroxysm periodic, sudden attack
patent open
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when patient cannot breathe unassisted
ABG's arterial blood gases
AFB acid-fast bacilli
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
CF cystic fibrosis
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CT computerized tomography
CXR chest x-ray
CO2 carbon dioxide
flu influenza
LLL left lower lobe
LTB laryngotracheobronchitis
LUL left upper lobe
O2 oxygen
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PE pulmonary embolism
PFT's pulmonary function tests
PSG polysomnography
RLL right lower lobe
RML right middle lobe
RUL right upper lobe
TB tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
VPS ventilation-perfusion scanning
epispadias congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis; a similar defect can occur in the female
hypospadias congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis; a similar defect can occur in the female
polycystic kidney condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
renal calculi stones in the kidney
renal hypertension elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
urinary retention abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of an inability to urinate
urinary suppression sudden stoppage of urine formation
urinary tract infection UTI infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
kidney, ureter, and bladder a simple x-ray image of the abdomen. It is often used to view the kidneys and bladder to determine size, shape, and location. Also used to identify calculi in the kidney or bladder or to diagnose intestinal obstruction
blood urea nitrogen BUN a blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood. Used to determine kidney function. An increased BUN indicates renal dysfunction
creatinine a blood test that measures the amount of creatinine in the blood. An elevated amount indicates impaired kidney function
specific gravity a test performed on a urine specimen to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys
urinalysis multiple routine tests done on a urine specimen
fulguration destruction of living tissue with an electric spark
renal transplant surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney
catheter flexible, tube-like device, such as a urinary catheter, for withdrawing or instilling fluids
urinary catheterization passage of a catheter into the urinary bladder to withdraw urine
distended stretched out
diuretic agent that increases the formation and excretion of urine
enuresis involuntary urination
hemodialysis HD procedure for removing impurities from the blood because of an inability of the kidneys to do so
incontinence inability to control the bladder and/or bowels
micturate to urinate or void
peritoneal dialysis procedure for removing toxic wastes when kidney is unable to do so the peritoneal cavity is ued as the receptacle for the fluid used in the dialysis
stricture abnormal narrowing, such as a urethral stricture
urinal receptacle for urine
urodynamics pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract
void to empty or evacuate waste material, especially urine
Created by: ansgenius