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Chp 1 History

What factors are most important in the essential balance? Personal beliefs, international beliefs, Social status, Globalization.
Essential Balance Freedom vs Equality, Freedom vs Security
Article 3 Judicial, Vague. Establishes a Supreme court as highest in the land
What factors are most important in the essential balance? Personal beliefs, international beliefs, Social status, Globalization.
Essential Balance Freedom vs Equality, Freedom vs Security
National Sovereignty Government has the right to govern the people within their national territory.
Examples of National Sovereignty Human Rights/Humanitarian work, Threats to world peace
Law and Order (Maintaining Order) Preserving Life and Property Strong prey on the weak
Promote Equality Redistribution of Wealth, (20th Century) European Welfare Program (Cradle to Grave)
Government Framework Freedom, Order, Equality
Political Equality One Person one Vote Does not exist without Social Equality
2 Dilemmas of Government Original - Freedom Vs Order Modern - Freedom Vs Equality
Political Ideology Consistent set of values about the proper purpose of government
Democracy Direct - all citizens come together to decide issues (Impossible in large countries) Indirect - People elect a president
Popular Sovereignty The people are the source of Government
Political Liberty Basic Freedoms allow people to form political opinions (Bill of Rights)
Declaration of Independence Was developed after the US became independent from Britain, after the French and Indian War
Dec. Of Ind. was written by _____ Social contract theory Thomas Jefferson Rulers rule by consent of the ruled
Articles of Confederation During the Revolutionary war Very weak; no power to levy taxes, no leadership, no control over commerce (money)
Constitutional Convention 1787 - formed to revise Articles two plans were put forward- Virginia and New Jersey
Virginia Plan Divide National Power (Legislative, Executive, Judicial) Bicameral Representation based on population Supreme court
New Jersey Plan Unicameral Multi-person executive - No veto power Supreme court with limited power
Great Compromise Included most of the Virginia Plan with equal representation Bicameral - Strong executive branch
Constitutional Principles Republicanism - people elect others Federalism - States hold come sovereignty Separation of Powers Checks and Balances - Each branch can limit the power of others
Article 1 Legislative Branch - Created Bicameral Legislature
Enumerated Powers Powers are limited Necessary and proper clause Gives Congress authority to make laws Allows flexibility to run gov.
Article 2 Executive Branch Outlined terms of office 3 consitutional duties - Commerce in Chief, report state to union, take care of laws.
Article 4 Full faith and credit. State laws of one state are respected by the rest
Article 5 Amendment process Establishing procedures to change the constitution
Article 6 Supremacy clause - Supreme law of the land
Article 7 Ratification - Outlines procedure for accepting the const.
3/5 compromise Slavery elimination
Federalists Anti Federalists Strong nat. power Felt there was not enough protection
Bill of Rights 10 added for individual rights 10,000 proposed only 27 ratified
Marbury vs Madison Established judicial review Supreme court has authority to determine laws
National Position Federal system is like a marble cake, state and national powers overlap
States rights position There is a firm demarcation, even tension between the national and state gov, (Layer cake)
Dual Federalism States have sovereignty within their borders
McCulloch v Maryland Found that states could not tax the national gov
2 Grants that support Nationalist View Categorical and Block
Categorical Formula grants - Given out based on poverty level Project grants - Basis of competitive applications
Block Grants awarded to districts
Federalism Believe that states should be more independent from national control.
Liberals believe that citizens need to be protected against local businesses, discrimination, and inequality
Preemption Congress can use laws to restrict state discretionary powers
2 forms of preemption Mandate -Requirement that state provide services to reach minimum national standard. Restraint - forbids a state from exercising a certain right
Core Beliefs of America Individualism - people receive rewards based on their own devices Free Enterprise - people use private property to their own advantage Distrust in Government - Unlimited gov. power infringes on individual liberty Democracy and Freedom Populism Religi
Created by: leahmarie_112