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Glossary Case # 7

Hillcrest Transcription, Case # 7 The Digestive System

adenopathy disease (enlargement) of the glands, particulary the lymph glands
amoxicillin generic antibiotic used against a wide variety of bacteria
ampulla a pouched dilation or enlargement of a canal or duct
atypia not typical: state of being irregular
bilirubin a bile pigment circulating in plasma
calcification deposition of calcium salts in organic tissue causing the tissue to harden
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
choledocholithiasis the condition of calculi (stones) in the common bile duct
choledocholithotomy incision of the common bile duct to remove calculi (stones)
choledochoscopy visual examination (by instrument) of the common bile duct
cholethiasis condition (or formation) of gallstones
clips surgical equipment: metallic devices for holding closed the edges of a wound
common bile duct one of the ducts conveying bile from the liver to the small intestine
cranial nerves II through XII referred to by Roman numerals, the 12 pairs of nerves connected with the brain: cranial never I (olfactory)is not always included in the routine physical examination
cystic artery the artery that originates in the right branch of the hepatic (liver)artery and goes to the gallbladder.
dentition the natural teeth in the dental arch
diplopia double vision (seen two images of a single object)
duodenum the first portion of the small intestine
emesis vomiting or the product derived from vomiting
eosinophils cells readily stained by eosin (a red dye): part of what is reported on the differential cell count (often dictated as "eos")
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholandiopancreatography (internal examination done in radiology)
expulsion the act of expelling, driving, or forcing out
exquisite extremely intense, sharp, as in exquisite pain or tenderness
fibrous tissue tissue composed of or containing fibers (elongated, threadlike structures)
filling defect any localized defect in the countour of the stomach, doudenum, or intestine as seen on the x-ray after a barium swallow or barium enema: this filling defect would be due to either a lesion or an ofject in the contour
flatus the gas or air normally in the gstrointestinal tract
follicular pertaining to a follicle (pouchlike depression, small sac, or cavity)
frequency the number of occurrences of a particular event, specifically urninating at short intervals due to a reduced urinary bladder capacity
gallstones concretions (calculi) formed in the gallbladder or bile duct
GGT abbreviation for gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (laboratory test done on blood to check liver functions)
GPT abbreviation for glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (laboratory test done on blood to check liver functions)
grossly referring to being visible to the naked eye (glossly visible)
guarding a spasm of muscles to minimize motion or agitation of an injured or diseased site
hernia protusion of all or part of an organ through the tissue normally encasing it
hesitancy an involuntary delay (or inability) in starting the urinary stream
HIV protocol an explicit, detailed plan regarding protection of both health care workers and patients from the human immunodeficiendy virus in the workplace
indices guides, standards, or symbols (sing,. index)
interrupted 1-0 Novafil suture material used in the fashion whereby each stitch is made with at separate piece of material; the "one-0" indicates the thickness of the thread
intraoperative cholangiogram an x-ray of the gallbladder an dbile ducts done while the patient is actually undergoing surgery
Jackson-Pratt drain a specific tool used in surgery to draw fluid out as it form in a cavity (sometimes dictate as J-P drain), trade name
Kocher clamp a heavy, straight surgical instrument with interlocking theeth on the tim, trade name
laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder using an instrument (laparoscope )that, when inserted, allows examination, inspection, or removal: only very small abdominal incision are required ("lap Chole" may be dictated
mammogram the record produced by mammography (x-ray of breast)
microbiology the science that deals with the study of microorganisms, such as lagea, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses
migraine severe vascular headache
monos acceptable medical jargon; shortened version of monocytes, which are white blood cells; a part of the differenctial white blood cell count
multiparous having had two or more pregnancies that reulted in birth, live or not
n.p.o nil per os (nothing by mouth)
needle-stick protocol an explicit, detailed plan regarding the prevention of contaminated needle sticks to health care workers on the job
normocytic relating to or having the characteristics of a red blood cell that is normal in size, shape, and color
open cholecystectomy a surgical procedure, including an abdominal incision, for the removal of the ballbladder; it refers to surgically opening the abdomen rather than using the laparoscopic procedure
palpitations sensation of an abnormally rapid hearbeat (primarly used in the plural, even if dectated in the singular)
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
peripheral edema abnormally large amounts of fluid within the hands or feet; swollen hands or feet due to this fluid
peritoneal sings indication of desease or abnormality in the peritoneum as discovered by touching and listening over the bdominal cavity
protocol an explicit, detailed plan of action
Provera trade name of a drug used to reat some carcinomas as well as abnormal uterine bleeing
remote appendectomy refers to removal of the vermiform appendix years ago, perhops in childhood.
retrograde to bo backward; moving against the usual direction of flow
Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses small outpuchings of the mucosa of the gallbaldder extending trhough the muscular layer.
runing sutures in regard to surgical sutures, the opposite of interrupted sutures; continuos sutures with the stiching fastened at each end of the knot
scapular referring to the shoulder blade or the shoulder blade area
segs acceptable medical jargon; shortened version of segmented neutrophils, which are white blood cells; a part of the differential white blood cell count
sepsis toxic organisms present in the blood or other tissues
SMA abbreviation for sequential multiple analyzer; a machine for automated chemical analysis of blood or serum; sometimes dictated as SMA-6 or SMA-12, etc., depending of the number of tests being done on one sample at one time
SOB medical jargon; abbreviation for shortness of breath
sonogram a record attained by ultrasonic scanning
sone basket surgical instrument shaped like a basket and used to retrieve stones from the common bile duct
suspension a state of temporary termination of liveliness, pain, or any other essential process; urinary bladder suspension refer to a procedure whereby a prolonged or fallen bladder is surgically tacked back into place
transfixed pierced through and trhough with a sharp instrument
urgency a sudden, forceful need to urinate
waxed and waned this phrase refers to the increase of and the subsequent diminishing of an object or symptoms; like th moon waxes and wanes every month, so many symptoms wax and wane or come and go
Created by: koka2k1