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Med Term Lesson 10

Medical Abbreviations

a before
aa of each
abd abdominal
a.c. before meals
ADL activity of daily living
ad lib as desired
a.m. morning
amt. amount
AROM active range of motion
AX axillary (temperature under the arm)
BID 2 times per day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BRP bathroom privileges
C Celsius (liquid O stored @ 30 degrees Celsius. Convert C to F by multiplying by 9, dividing by 5, adding 32
C with line over it with
cal calorie
cath catherer
CBR complete bed rest
CC cubic centimeter (cc = ml)
CHF Congestive heart failure (increase in fluid pressure on heart and lungs caused by poor kidney and heart function
cm centimeter (cm = 1 inch = 2.54 cms)
CN charge nurse (usually RN in charge on a shift)
CNS central nervous sysytem (brain & spinal cord)
c/o complains of
DC discontinue (D = dis; C = con't)
DON director of nurses (only 1 per facility) Note: JACH - joint accredition Com of Hospitals)
Dr medical doctor
DX diagnosis (dx = educated guess at what's wrong; progosis = education guess of outcome)
F Fahrenheit (F to C = subtract 2, multiply by 5, divide by 9)
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
gtt drop
GU genitourinary
h hour
H2O water
HOB head of bed (trendelenberg positin = hips placed higher than head. Reverse Trendelenberg position is head of bed remains elevated)
HOH hard of hearing
HS hour of sleep
I/O input/output (fluid taken in and released in 24 hours)
IV intravenous (infiltrated = IV no longer in vein and flid now seeping into surrounding tissues)
kg kilogram (1 kg = 2.2 pounds)
L liter (1 lit = 1000 cc's or 33.8 oz)
lb pound (16 oz = 1 lb)
LE/LLE/LUE lower extremity, left lower extremity, left upper extremity
Lt. left
MI myocardial infraction
mm millimeter (1 m = 1 cm: 1 mm = 1 cm: convert mm to inches is multiply by 10 and divide by 254)
noc night (noctural)
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V nausea/vomiting
O.D. right eye
OOB out of bed
O.S. left eye
O.U. both eyes
oz ounce (3 tsps = 15 cc = 1 tbsp: 1 tsp = 5 ccs: 1 C = 250 cc: 1 oz = 30 cc: 1cc = 1 ml)
p with line over (lower case) after
P (capital letter) pulse (radial pulse at wrist: popliteal pulse from behind knee: apical pulse on chest: carotid pulse on neck: pedal pulse at foot)
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
p.m evening
prn as needed
PROM passive range of motion
pt patient
qd every day
qh every hour
qid 4x per day
qod every other day
QNS quantity not sufficient
QS quantity sufficient
R with circle around rectal
R (upper case) respirations (breathes/min)
RE/RUE/RLE right extremity, right upper extremity, right lower extremity
ROM range of motion
Rx prescription
q2h every 2 hours
Created by: tutorreading