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Nature of Science

Review cards for the test

A way of learning about the natural world including all of the knowledge gained by exploration. Science
Using one or more of your senses to gather information. Observing
This kind of observation deals with numbers. Quantatative
This kind of observation deals with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers. Qualatative
When you explain or interpret the things you observe. This is not guessing, but is based on reasoning from what you already know. Inferring
Making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence. Predicting
Grouping together of items that are alike in some way. Classifying
Involves comparing observations and data to reach a conclusion. Evaluating
Involves creating representations of complex objects or processes. Making models
A factor that is changed in an experiment to test the hypothesis. Independent variable
The factor that changes in response to the independent variable. It is the factor being measured in the experiment. Dependent variable
The things that stay the same in an experiment. Constants
An attitude in science that scientists display when they want to know more about a topc. Curiosity
Reporting your observations and results truthfully. Honesty
An attitude scientists have when they come up with inventive ways to solve problems or produce new things. Creativity
Scientists need to be open-minded, but should also have an attitude of doubt to keep them from accepting ideas that might be untrue. This is known as? Skepticism
Scientists need a strong sense of ______, which refers to rules that enable people to know right from wrong. Ethics
______comes from a person's likes and dislike. Personal bias
This bias stems from a person's culture in which a person grows up. For example a culture may regard snakes as bad might overlook how well snakes control pests. Cultural bias
This is a mistake in the design of an experiment that makes a particular result more likely. Experimental bias
Being _____means that you make decisions and draw conclusions based on available evidence. Objective
Being______means that personal feelings have entered into a decision or conclusion. Subjective
Explaining things by starting with a general idea and then applying the idea to a specific observation. Deductive reasoning
Using specific observations to make generalizations. Inductive reasoning
A measurement system based on the number 10 used around the world. Metric system
Modern scientists use this version of the metric system. International System of Units (SI)
SI unit for length Meter (m)
SI unit for mass, which is the amount of matter in an object. Gram (g)
This a measure of the forge of gravity acting on an object. Weight
The amount of space an object or substance takes up. Volume
The SI unit for measuring the volume of a rectangular solid. Cubic meter (cm3)
The SI unit for measuring liquid volume. Liter (L)
To calculate the volume of a rectangular solid you use that formula? LxWxH=cm3
The measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume. Density
Density if calculated using the following formula? D=Mass/Volume
In addition to the Celsius scale, scientists sometimes use another scale called the? Kelvin (K)
The SI unit used to measure time. second (s)
A possible answer to a scientific question. Hypothesis
Created by: HollyL