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Chapter 4 Med Term.

Chapter 4 Medical Terminology 2

Abdominal Cavity contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, kidneys.
Anaplasia a change in the structure or the orientation of cells.
Anatomical Position stand with arms at the side, palms turned forward, head and feet pointed forward.
Anterior front of the body.
Aplasia developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue.
Cardiac Muscle muscular wall of the heart.
Caudal pertaining to the tail.
Cell the smallest, but most numerous
Cell Membrane surrounds the cell (barrier)
Cervical Vertebrae C1-C7 (Neck)
Chromosones controls growth, repair, and reproduction.
Coccyx tail bone.
Connective Tissue supports and binds body parts/tissues.
Cranial pertaining to the skull.
Cranial Cavity contains the brain.
Cytology the study of cells.
Distal furthest away from the point of origin.
Dorsal pertaining to the back.
Dysplasia abnormal development of tissues or organs.
Epigastric Region region of the abdomen located between the left and right hypochondriac region. upper section of the abdomen.
Epithelial Tissue tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body
Frontal Plane divides the body in half (front to back)
Genes segments of chromosones that transmit hereditary characteristics.
Histologist a specialist in the study of tissues.
Hyperplasia an increase in the number of cells of a body part
Hypogastric Region the middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical cord.
Hypoplasia incomplete or undeveloped organ/tissue; usually the result of a decrease in the # of cells.
Inferior below, downward toward the tail or feet.
Inguinal Region the right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen; also called the iliac region.
Lateral toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body.
Lumbar Region the right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen.
McBurney's Point point on the right side of the abdomen, about 2/3 of teh distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip.
Medial toward the midline of the body.
Mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure.
Midline of the body the imaginary "line" created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves.
Mitochondria cell organs; which provide the engergy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions.
Muscle tissue tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing it's fibers.
Navel belly button.
Neoplasia the new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant.
Nervous tissues tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body.
Nucleus the central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane.
Pelvic Cavity the lower front cavity of the body, located beneath the abdominal cavity; contains the urinary bladder and the reproductive system.
Peritoneum a specific, serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera.
Plane imaginary "lines" or slices that cut the body in sections.
Plantar the bottom or sole of the foot.
Posterior back of the body.
Prone lying face down.
Proximal nearest to the point of origin.
Sacrum singular, triangular-shaped bone.
Skeletal Muscle bone.
Smooth Muscle visceral tissue in walls and hollow internal organs like stomach and intestines.
Superficial on or near the surface (veins/skin)
Superior upper part, toward the head
Supination a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward.
Supine lying on your back, face up.
Thoracic Cavity Chest. (lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea)
Tissue Groups of cells.
Transversal Plane divides the body into superior and inferior (upper and lower)
Umbilical Region the region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen, between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epigastric region
Umbilicus Belly button; navel
Ventral pertaining to the front or belly side.
Visceral pertaining to the internal organs.
Visceral Muscles those of the internal organs.
Created by: kmariemurray