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Music Ch 1-7

Exam Ch 1-7

forte f loud
mezzopiono mp mod soft
mezzoforte mf mod loud
piano p soft
pianissimo pp very soft
motive short, distinctive musical figure that can stand by itself stands by itself ; pg 8
dynamics the various levels of volume, loud and soft, at which sounds are produced lvl of volume ; pg 40
crescendo gradual increase in the volume of sound gradual increase in sound; pg 8 and 42
diminuendo gradual decrease in the volume of sound gradual decrease in sound; pg 41
chord two or more simultaneously sounding pitches 2 or more pitches; pg 37
rhythm the organisation of time in music, dividing up long spans of time into smaller, more easily comprehended units organization of time; pg 4, 12, 18
beat an even pulse in music that divides the passing of time into equal segments even pulse; pg 16
measure (bar) group of beats, or musical pulses; usually, the number of beats is fixed and constant so that the measure serves as a continual unit of measure in music. bar... group of beats or pulses; pg 15
meter the gathering of beats into regular groups gathering of beats; pg 15
meter signature (time signature) 2 numbers, one on top of another, usually placed at the beginning of the music to tell the producer what note vaule is carrying the beat and how the beats are to be grouped (time signture) 2 numbers one on top of another to tell note value to producer; pg 16
downbeat the first beat of measure; indicated by a downward motion of the conductors hand usually stressed first beat; down motion of hand; pg 16
upbeat the beat that occurs with the upward motion of the conductor's hand and immediatly before the downbeat upward mostion of the conductors hand followed by downbeat; pg 17
accent emphasis or stress placed on a musical tone or chord emphasis on tone or chord; pg 17
syncopation a rythmatic device in which the natural accent falling on a strong beat is displaced to a weak beat or b/t beats natural accent falls on strong beat displaced to weak beat or b/t beats; pg 17
tempo the speed at which the beat occurs in music speed of beats; pg 19
pitch the relative position, high or low, of a musical sound high/low of musical sound; pg 2
octave the interval compromising the first and 8th tones of the major and minor diatonic scale, the sounds are quite similar b/c the frequency of vibration of the higher pitch is exactly twice that of a lower 1st and 8th tones are similar b/c vibration of higher is 2x of lower; pg 22
tonality the orgnaization of music around a central tone (the tonic) and the scale built on that tone. music around central tone; pg 28
tonic the central pitch around which the melody and harmony gravitate central pitch around the melody and harmony gravitate; pg 28
scale an arrangement of pitches that ascends and descends in a fixed and unvarying pattern pitches go up and down in fixed pattern; pg 31
phrase a self contained portion of a melody, theme or tune portion of melody,, theme, or tune; pg 31
antecedent phrase the opening incomplete sounding phrase of a melody; often followed by a consequent phrase that brings the melody to closure incomplete sounding phase of melody; pg 31
consequent phrase the 2nd phrase of a two part melodic unit that brings a melody to a point of repose and closure brings closure to melody; pg 31
triad a chord consisting of 3 pitches and 2 intervals of a third 3 pitches and 2 intervals of a third; pg 34
interval the distance b/t any 2 pitches on a musical scale distance b/t any 2 pitches on a scale; pg 34
arpeggio the notes of a triad or 7th chord playing in direct succession and in a direct line up or down. notes of triad or 7th chord playing in direct succession in line up or down; pg 36
consonance pitches sounding agreeable and stable pitches that are agreeable; pg 36
dissonance a discondant mingling of sounds doesn't sound pleasant pitch; pg 37
monophonic a musical texture involving only a single line of music with no accompaniment just one voice; pg 56
homophonic a texture in which all the voice, or lines move to new pitches at roughly the same time; often referred to in contradistiction of polyphony all voices or lines move to new pitches at same time; pg 56
polyphonic a musical texture involving 2 or more simultaneously sounding lines, the lines are often independent and create counter point 2 or more lines... create counter point; pg 57
grave grave grave
lento very slow very slow
largo broad broad
adagio slow slow
andonte moving walking
andantino slightly faster speed walking
morderato moderate moderate
allegreto moderatly fast moderatly fast
vivace fast and lively fast and lively
presto very fast very fast
prestissimo as fast as possible full out sprint
Fortissimo ff very loud
Created by: kreadnour