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Obstetrics/Gyn Cond

NHTC 11 Obstetrics & Gynecology Pathological Conditions

DisorderDescriptionTerms Summary
amenorrhea absence of menstruation a=without, not meno=menses, menstruation rrhea=discharge, flow
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation dys=bad, painful, difficult rrhea=discharge
menorrhagia increased amount and duration of menstrual flow meno=menses, menstruation rrhagia=bursting forth (of blood)
metrorrhagia bleeding between menstrual cycles metro=uterus, womb rrhagia=bursting forth (of blood)
oligomenorrhea an abnormally light menstrual flow or a reduction in menstruation olig=scanty meno=menses, menstruation rrhea=discharge, flow
polymenorrhea abnormally frequent recurrence of the menstrual cycle poly=many, much meno=menses, menstruation
premenstrual syndrome (PMS) syndrome of nervous tension, irritability, weight gain, edema, headache, mastalgia, dysphoria, and lack of coordination occurring during the last few days of the menstrual cycle before the onset of menses (blank)
fibrocystic breast disease presence of single or multiple cysts that are palpable in the breasts (blank)
fibroma (fibroid) of the uterus benign neoplasm consisting of fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue fibr=fiber, fibrous tissue oma=tumor
hydatidiform mole intrauterine polycystic mass in which the chorionic villi have undergone cystic degeneration causing a rapid growth of the uterus with hemorrhage (blank)
ovarian cyst globular sac filled with fluid or semisolid material that develops in or on the ovary (blank)
chocolate cyst large, blood-filled cyst (blank)
dermoid cyst cyst lined with various cell types and containing fatty material, hair, teeth and bits of bone & cartilage derm=skin oid=resembling
follicle cyst cyst that originates in an unruptured graafian follicle (blank)
luteal cyst cyst that develops when the corpus luteum fails to regress (blank)
carcinoma of the cervix malignant neoplasm of the uterine cervix that can be detected in the early, curable stage by the Papanicolaou (Pap) test (blank)
carcinoma of the uterus, endometrial cancer adenocarcinoma of the endometrium of the uterus endo=in, within metr=uterus, measure al=pertaining to
ovarian carcinoma malignant neoplasm of the ovaries that is asymptomatic in its early stage and metastasizes to the pelvic and abdominal areas, often before diagnosis (blank)
candidiasis infection of the skin or mucous membrane with any species of Candida, but chiefly C. albicans candid=glowing white iasis=abnormal condition
vaginal vaginal infection caused by a species of Candida, characterized by pruritus and white discharge vagin=vagina al=pertaining to
cervicitis acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix cervic=neck, cervix uteri (neck of the uterus) itis=inflammation
endometriosis presence of endometrial tissue outside (ectopic) the uterine cavity endo=in, within metr=uterus, measure osis=abnormal condition, increase (used primarily with blood cells)
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infection of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and adjacent pelvic structures (blank)
pyosalpinx accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube pyo=pus salpinz=tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
sexually transmitted disease (STD) any disease that may be acquired as a result of sexual intercourse or other intimate contact with an infected individual (blank)
toxic shock syndrome rare and sometimes fatal disease caused by toxin-producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus (blank)
abruptio placentae premature detachment of a normally situated placenta after the 20th week of gestation (blank)
breech presentation intrauterine position of the fetus in which the buttocks or feet present first (versus the head) (blank)
eclampsia gravest form of pregnancy-induced hypertension (blank)
ectopic pregnancy implantation of the fertilized ovum outside of the uterine cavity (blank)
hydramnios excess of amniotic fluid that leads to an overditension of the uterus and the possibility of malpresentation of the fetus hydr=water amnios=a caul (the intact amniotic sac surrounding the fetus at birth)
placenta previa placenta that is abnormally implanted in the uterus so that it impinges on or covers the internal os (opening) of the uterine cervix (blank)
pre-eclampsia complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema pre=before, in front ec=out, out from lampsia=to shine
Down syndrome, trisomy 21 chromosomal abnormality that results in mild to severe mental retardation and other abnormalities (blank)
hyaline membrane disease respiratory condition that primarily occurs in the premature neonate (blank)
hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain hydro=water cephal=head us=condition
kernicterus abnormal toxic accumulation of bilirubin in the central nervous system tissues caused by high levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream (hyperbilirubinemia) of a neonate; jaundice appears; the more serious effects include brain damage and mental retardation kern=kernel (nucleous) icterus=jaundice
pyloric stenosis congenital defect in which narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach causes an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine pylor=pylorus ic=pertaining to stenosis=narrowing, stricture
Created by: rmlgray