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H&P muscles


Torso Midsection or Trunk
Origin Less movable;point of attachment of a muscle to a bone
Articular Cartilage covers the surface of connecting bones
Muscle Biopsy; can be done by biobsy needle or incisional biopsy extraction of a specimen of muscle tissue for the purpose of examining under a microscope.
Atrophy Wasting away;literally "without development"
Circumduction the movementof an extremity around in a circular motion
Crepitation Crepitation Clicking or crackling sounds heard upon joint movement.
Bunionectomy Surgical removal of a bunion;removing the bursa & bony overgrowth
flexion A bending motion that decreases the angle between 2 bones.
Ligaments connect bone to bone;offers suport to the joint
Joint Cavity The space between two connecting bones
Arthralgia joint pain
Dorsiflexion Bending foot backward/upward at ankle(toward tibia)
Ganglionectomy surgical removal of ganglion
Hinge Joint Joint that allows movement in one direction. back-and-forth motion. ex: knees,elbows
Photosensitivity Increased reaction of the skin to exposure to light
Fascia Holds Fibers together. Thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate&co9ver the
Bursa Small sac that contains synovial fluid for lubricating the area @the joint WHERE FRICTION IS MOST LIKELY TO OCCUR. ex:knee, elbow,shoulder
latissimus dorsi Forms the posterior border of axilla/armpit.
Involuntary Muscle Muscles that act w/out conscious control
Viscous sticky;gelatinous
gout A form of ACUTE arthritis that is characterized of the first metatarsal joint of the great toe.
ganglion ganglionCystic tumor developing on a tendon.Sometimes occuring on the back of the wrist.
tendon Attaches Muscle to bone.
Striated Muscle Muscles that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope.EX:Skeletal&Cardiac muscles
insertion The POINT OF ATTACHMENT of a muscle to bone and moves. MORE MOVEABLE
Tibialis Anterior muscle positioned on the front of the leg. responsible for turning foot inward&for dorsiflexing the foot.
gastrocnemius Main muscle of the Calf. Used in standing on tiptoes(plantar flexing foot) & flexing toes.
gluteus medius Used for IM injection, smaller muscle located above the upper outer quadrant of the gluteus maximus. helps abduct thigh.
gluteus maximus Forms most of the fleshy part of the buttock.Offers support when individual is standing. extends thigh
deltoid Used for IM injections. Muscle that covers shoulder joint;originates from the clavicle & scapula,inserts on lateral side of humerus.
Abduction Movement of a bone away from midline of body.
Adduction Movement of a bone towards midline of the body.
Pelvic girdle weakness Weakness in the pelvic girdle. In MD it weakens causing a child to use 1 or both hands to assist in rising from a sitting position by "walking" the hands up the lower extremities until in upright position.
Arthralgia pain in the joins;symptoms present many joint diseases.
ArthritisInflammation of the joints Inflammation of the joints
Trapezius TRIANGULAR-SHAPED muscle that extends acrose the back of the shoulder.Covers the back of the neck & inserts on the clavicle & scapula.
Pronation Turning palms downward or backward
Supination Turning palms upward or forward
Rotation The turning of a bone on it's own axis.
Osteoarthritis AKA Degenerative Joint Disease MOST COMMON FORM OF ARTHRITIS;results from wear and tear on the joints, especially weight bearing joints such as knees and hipsl.
Sciatica Inflammation of the nerve marked by pain & tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and leg
arthrocentesis Surgical puncture of a joint w/a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis.
arthroplasty Surgical reconstruction/repair of a joint
Rheumatoid Arthritis CHRONIC,SYSTEMIC INFLAMATORY DISEASE,affects multiple joints such as those in the hands and feet.
Lyme disease ACUTE inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick.
Pectoralis Major Fan shaped muscle that crosses the upper part of the front of the chest.
Muscular Dystrophy (MD) Group of genetically transmitted disorders characterized by progressive symmetrical wasting of skeletal muscles;no evidence of nerve or nerve involvement or degeneration of nerve tissue.
Subluxation An incomplete dislocation of a bone; such as the shoulder joint.
Electromyography ElectromyographyProcess of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulated by an electric current
Rotator cuff tear A tear in the muscles that form a "cuff" over the head of the humerus.
strains Injury to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon, resulting from
bunion Abnormal enlargment of the joint at the base of the great toe.
Contracture An abnormal(usually permanent) bending of a joint into a fixed position.
malaise A vague feeling of weakness
Kyphosis Humpback
ball-and-socket joint Joint that allows free movement in many directions around a central point.
Masseter Used when chewing and biting. Raises lower jaw.
Buccinator Cheek muscle
temporal muscle located above and near the ear.
plantar flexion Bending foot downward pointing toes
Suture An immovable joint
Synovial Fluid Thick lubricating fluid located in synovial joints
Closed Reduction or Manipulation Manual forcing of a joint back into it's original psition without surgery
Extension A straightening motion;increases the angle between two bones.
Hamstring muscles located in the posterior part of the thigh are hamstring muscles which are responsible for flexing the leg on the thigh
Skeletal muscles muscles that attach to the bones of the skeleton; also known as striated muscle. Skeletal muscles act voluntarily
Smooth muscle muscles found in the walls of hollow organs and tubes such as the stomach, intestines, respiratory passageways, and blood vessels; also known as visceral muscles. Smooth muscles act involuntarily
Visceral muscle muscles of the internal organs
Voluntary muscle muscles that operate under conscious control
Fibrous joint the surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held together by fibrous connective tissue
Cartilaginous joint the bones are connected by cartilage-as in the symphysis(joint between the pubic bones of the pelvis
Synovial joint the bones have a space between them called the joint cavity
Hinge joint allows movement in one direction-a back-and-forth type of motion
Dorsiflexion the foot narrows the angle between the leg and the top of the foot
Bunion abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
Synovial membrane the lining of a synovial joint cavity
Dislocation is the displacement of a bone from its normal location within a joint, causing loss of functionof the joint
Herniated disk is the rupture of the central portion, or nucleus, of the disk throuh the disk wall and into the spinal canal
Sprains is an injury involving the ligaments that surround and support a joint, caused by a wrenching or twisting motion
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammatory connective-tssue disease affecting the skin, joints, nervous system, kidneys, lungs, and other organs
Arthroscopy is the visualization of the interior of a joint using an endoscope
Rheumatoid factor test is a blood test that measures the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a number of connective tissue diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis
Created by: First Institute