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8

8 Review Questions B

QuestionAnswer
A ligamentous connection such as between the bones of the lower leg is called a syndesmosis
A movement towards the midline of the body is called adduction
A suture would be an example of a(n) synarthrosis.
A synovial joint is an example of a(n) diarthrosis
A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward is called inversion
An immovable joint is a(n) synarthrosis.
Bursae may be located in all but which of the following areas? Around blood vessels
Decreasing the angle between bones is called flexion.
In an monoaxial articulation movement can occur in only one axis
Nodding your head up and down is an example of flexion and extension
Osteoarthritis is considered a non-inflammatory type of arthritis, referred to as degenerative joint disease or "wear-and-tear arthritis".
The elbow joint is an example of a(n) ________ joint hinge
The intercarpal articulations are _________ joints. gliding or plane
The joint at the base of the thumb is an example of a(n) _______ joint. saddle
The joint that permits the greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body is the ________ joint. shoulder
The lateral surface of the knee joint is reinforced by the ______ ligament(s). fibular collateral
The ligament that provides support to the front of the knee joint is the ______ ligament. patellar
The ligaments that limit the anterior-posterior movement of the femur and maintain the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles are the______ ligaments. cruciate
The movements known as dorsiflexion and plantar flexion involve moving the foot.
Which of the following is NOT a function of synovial fluid? Increases osmotic pressure within joint
The epiphyseal growth plate is an example of a(n) synchondrosis
there no blood vessels inside the joint cavity of synovial joints? Movement would damage the delicate blood vessels.
the following is NOT a synovial joint? Costosternal joint
Rotation at the proximal radioulnar joint causes the thumb to move from lateral to medial positions. The term for this special type of rotation is pronation.
A common sports injury involves the forceful inversion of the ankle joint in which the ligaments are stretched. This type of injury is classified as a sprain.
the following is ONLY possible at the thumb? opposition.
the following are structural classification of joints except osseous
the following joints have a joint space? The knee
"Weeping lubrication" is due to the _______________ in a synovial joint. synovial fluid
the following factors would not provide stability to a synovial joint? the presence of tendon sheaths and bursae
What percentage of their length can ligaments be stretched and not snap? 1%
the following movements is considered the simplest synovial joint movement? gliding of a ribs on the articular facet of a vertebra
Plantar flexion of the foot corresponds to ___________ of the wrist flexion
the following movements is an example of circumduction movement? a pitcher winding up to throw the ball
Inversion and eversion are special movements of the foot
the following movements of the hand make it a fine tool for grasping objects? opposition
the following statements about condyloid joints are true except: They have a limited range of movement.
the following synovial joints is the most mobile the hip
the following forces to the knee would be the most dangerous? a lateral force to the extended knee
The "superstabilizer" of the shoulder joint is the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii
When the shoulder is dislocated, the humerus tends to move in the anterior inferior direction
the following factors contribute the most to the stability of the hip joint? the deep socket that encloses the femoral head
the following provides the most stability to the elbow? the ulnar trochlear notch
the following joints are the most easily dislocated joints in the body? the temporomandibular joint
The _____________________ of the jaw is unique to mammals. lateral excursion
the following are common sites for sprains except the cervical region of the spine
Most joint cartilage injuries involve tearing the menisci of the knee
Loose bodies in a joint that may interfere with movement are actually cartilage fragments
" Water on the knee" is caused by bursitis of the prepatellar bursa
The release of the enzyme metalloproteinase is thought to contribute to the development of osteoarthritis
During which stage of development and growth do synovial joints first resemble adult joints in form and arrangement? at eight weeks of embryonic development
A twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward is called eversion. False
Abduction and adduction always refer to movements of the appendicular skeleton. True
Common athletic injuries involve the menisci True
Joints typically found at the end of long bones are amphiarthroses. False
Only rotation is possible in pivot joints True
Only the clavicle attaches to the axial skeleton at the upper limb True
Standing on tiptoe is an example of a movement called dorsiflexion. False
The joints that are subjected to the greatest forces would be found in the legs. True
The knee is a freely movable synovial joint of the diarthrotic type. True
The location where two bones meet is called an articulation. True
The movement of a body part forward in a horizontal plane is called retraction. False
The movement of the body part upwards is called depression. False
The only example of gomphosis is the articulation of a tooth with its bony alveolar socket. True
The opposite movement of pronation is supination. True
The pubic symphysis represents a synarthrotic articulation. False
A suture is an example of a synarthrosis. True
Bringing two bones closer together is an example of extension. False
A common injury at the glenohumeral joint is a dislocation. True
Cruciate ligaments are found in the shoulder joint. False
The metacarpophalangeal joints are an example of hinge joints. False
The temporomandibular joint is very complex. What is the purpose of this question? Complexity is subjective. The knee is the most complex joint in the body, for example. Besides, the answer says "relatively" rather than "very". True
The temporomandibular joint is easy to dislocate. True
Created by: schell912 on 2007-02-09



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