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SCC micro wk.1

Name the five different types of immunoglobulins. IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, and IgE
Define zoonoses. Animal-to-human transmission of disease. Ie: rabies.
Term used to describe antibody mediated immunity. Humoral immunity
Term used to describe an infected host, showing no signs of clinical symptoms, who is/may be an unknown source of disease in a population Asymptomatic carrier
There are two parts to adaptive immunity. What are they? humoral immunity and cellular immunity
How is it that microorganisms have a survival advantage within a host? Because they are able to adapt to new environments and multiply rapidly.
Define colonization. Define colonization.
Term used to describe a disease causing organism. Pathogen
What does the term "host" define? What does the term "host" define?
This type of immunity involves specific immune responses. Adaptive or specific immunity
Type of immunity that involves activated T lymphocytes (T cells), and chemical substances being sent throughout the body that allows cells to communicate and elicit an immune response. cellular immunity
What is the name of the chemical substance produced by an organism that can induce infection/disease? toxin
Term used to describe a host-microorganism relationship in which the organism benefits at the exspense of the host. Parasitism
Innate resistance. Is it specific or nonspecific? Nonspecific
What three things must take place in order for adaptive resistance to function? immune system recognition, immune system activation, and immune system response
Term used to describe the successful persistence or multiplication of a pathogen on or within a host. Infection
Adaptive immunity. Is it specific or nonspecific? Specific
Define symbiotic relationship. Define symbiotic relationship.
The amount of damage an organism can impose on or in a host depends on what three things? virulence of organism, immune status of host, and tissue infected
What types of cells are involved in humoral immunity? B lymphocytes (B cells), plasma cells, and antibodies/immunoglobulins
Name the two general types of toxins. exotoxins and endotoxins
Term used to describe the mechansims by which an organism can cause disease. Pathogenicity
Why are microorganisms capable of establishing themselves within a host? Because they have the ability to avoid host defenses.
Toxic substance contained within the cell walls of organisms that are only released after cell death, when the membrane of the organism breaks down. endotoxin
Define Exotoxin Toxic proteins secreted by an organism or released during cell lysis.
Define compromised weakened
What three processes must occur in order for microorganisms to cause disease? entry, adhesion, and invasion
Term used to describe an infection that causes damage in the host. disease
This type of immune defense is genetically determined and do not improve with repeated exposure to an infectious agent. innate or nonspecific immunity
Microorganisms are capable of three levels of host-organism interaction. What are they? colonization, infection, and disease
Term used to describe host-microorganism relationship in which both host-organism benefit. Mutualism
Define virulence. The term used to define the degree of pathogenicity of an organism.
Another name for antibody? immunoglobulin
Term used to describe a host-microorganism relationship in which no harm is done to the host. Commensalism
Created by: Nizhoni T Walter Nizhoni T Walter