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Medical Terminolgy

abduct draw away from the medial line of the body
abscess localized collection of pus buried intissues, organs, or confined spaces
acetabulum socket in the pelvis within which the head of the femur fits
acromioclavicular joint shoulder/collarbone joint
adduct draw toward the medial line of the body
allesthesia the circumstances whereby a sensationsuch as pian or touch is experienced at a point remote from that at which the stimulus occurs
anastomsis a connection between two vessels
brachial plexus a network of vessels and nerves in the shoulder/arm region
bronchiectasis dialtion of the bronchial tubes
bruit sound or murmur heard in ausculation, especially an abnormal one
cardiology the study of the heart and its funchtions
cerebrospinal pertaining the to the brain and spinal cord
Cesarean section a surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus, performed to deliver a fetus
cholescystectomey excision of the gallbladder
chondromalacia abnormal softening of cartilage
creatinine substance found in muscle and blood and excreted in the urine
discgram graphic record of the view of an intervertebral disc
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
ecchymosis small hemorrhagic spot on the skin - large than a petechia
edema presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body
encephalopathy any degenerative disease of the brain
fasciculated clusted togehter or occurring in bundles
fasciitis inflammation of the fascia
foramenotomy the operation of removing the roof of the intervertebral foramina for the relief of nerve root compression
fundus the bottom or base of anyting
gallbladder small pear-shaped muscular sac located under the right lobe of the liver in which bile secreted by the liver is stored unitl needed by the body for digestion
gastroenteritis an acute inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines
glioblastoma a rapidly growing tumor
hypotension abnormally low blood pressure
hypoxia reduction of sufficient oxygen in tissues in speite of adequate blood supply
ileum a portion of the small intestime
ileus a bowel obstruction
ilium pelvis, part of the hipbone
laminectomey excisionof the posterior arch of a vertebra
laminotomy division of the lamina of a vertebra
laparoscopy examination of the interior of the abdomen by means of instrument called a laparoscope
lordosis abnormally increased curvature of the thoracic and lumbar spine
luxation dislocation in which bone is displaced formits normal position in the joint cavity
musculoskeletal pertaining to or comprision the skeleton and the muscles
nephrology study of the kidney
neurology study of the nervous system
nystagmus involuntray, rapid movement of the eyeball
oophorocystectomy excision of an ovarian cyst
orthopedics branch of medicine that deals with the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures
paracentesis aspiration
patella kneecap
perfusion the passage of a fluid through the vessels of a specific organ
petechia a tiny red spot on the skin, but usually used in the plural (plural petechiae)
plantar fasciitis inflamationof the fascia of the sole of the foot
pulmonology study of the lungs
Raynaud's disease vascular disorder characterized by ischemia of the finers or toes
syncope temporary suspension of consciousness, a faint or swoon
spondylitis inflammation of one or more vertebrae
spondylosis degenerative chages of vertebrae
spondylolisthesis forward displacement of lumbar vertebrae
stapedectomy surgical creation of a small opening in the stapes
venous of or pertaining to the veins
viscid sticky, thick
xiphoid shaped like a sword, as in xiphoid process
arthrodesis fusion of spinal vertebrae
Created by: DonnaT