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Med Term Ch 1&2

prefixes,word roots with combining forms and suffixes

a-, an- no,not,without,lack of,apart
ad- toward,near,to
bi- two,double
de- down,away from
di- two,double
dia- through,between
dif- apart,free from,separate
dys- bad,difficult,painful
ec-,ecto- out,outside,outer
end-,endo- within,inner
ep-,epi- upon,over,above
eu- good,normal
ex-,exo- out,away from
extra- outside,beyond
hyper above,beyond,excessive
hypo- below,under,deficient
in- in,into,not
mega- large,great
meta- beyond,over,between,change
para- beside,alongside,abnormal
poly- many,much,excessive
post- after,behind
pre- before,in front of
pro- before, in front of
super- above, beyond
supra- above,beyond
abdomin/o abdomen
aden/o gland
andr/o men
angi/o vessel
vas/o vessel
appendic/o appendix
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (part of the brain)
cyst/o bladder
cyt/o cell
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastro/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
gyne woman
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
ile/o ileum (small intestine)
irid/o iris (eye)
kerat/o cornea of eye;horny substance
lamina, lamin/o thin,flat part of vertebra
lapar/o abdominal wall
lingua tounge
lob/o lobe,as of lung or brain
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow;spinal cord
myring/o eardrum
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
orchi/o testicle
orchid/o testicle
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o pharynx
phleb/o vein
pneum/o lungs (air or gas)
proct/o rectum
prostat/o prostate gland
pyel/o pelvis of kidney
rect/o rectum and /or anus
ren/i renal (kidney)
rhin/o nose
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian tubes
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra
steth/o chest
stomat/o mouth
ten/o tendon
thorac/a thorax (chest)
thyr/o thyroid gland
trache/o trachea
tympan/o eardrum
ureter/o ureter
appendage attached to or outgrowth
ven/i vein
-age related to
-centesis surgical puncture
-cid kill
-cis cut,kill,excise
-clasis to break down,refracture
-desis binding,stabilization
-ectomy excision,removal
-iatry healing (by a physician)
-ion process
-lysis loosen,free from adhesion, destruction
-osis condition of
-os/tomy mouth,forming an opening
-pexy fixation,suspension
-plasty formation,plastic repair
-stasis stop/control
-therapy treatment
-tomy incision,to cut into
-tripsy to crush
-algia pain
-cele hernia,swelling
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation,expansion
-emia blood
-gen producing,begining
-gram record,picture
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-iasis abnromal condtion,formation of,presence of
-itis inflamation
-ology study of
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-oid resemble
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-penia decrease,deficiency
-phagia eating,swallowing
-phasia speech
-phobia fear
-plegia paralysis
-ptosis prolapse,falling,dropping
-rrhage burst forth, hemmorrhage
-rrhea discharge,flow
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-scopy examination,view
-spasm involuntary contraction,twitchin gof a muscle
Created by: katie.nelson8