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Psych Lecture 1

Equipotential any part of brain is capable of any function
Localization mental processes are in specific brain sites
Phrenology argues for localization, if more brain in that area, more of the function. E.g. bigger lumps correspond to more of that function
Aphasia impaired language without paralysis of muscles
Broca had a patient w/ lesion on left frontal lobe bc of stroke, could understand speech, spoke slowly but unmelodically
Wernicke's Apashia couldnt repeat/understand spoken speech, could sing songs (melodic), speech made no sense, lesion in left/temp area
Roy and Sherrington said when functional areas activated, more blood flow there
physical anthropology observe pple in their own setting
cross cultural psych compares psychological differences
Ex: studying a student by going to college physical anthropology
Ex: menopause in guatemale and US cross cultural psych
Ex: baby wont crawl over a perceived cliff even to get to mother Indicates innate
Habituation decrease in responding with repeated stimulation
Paradigms a broad system of theoretical assumptions a scientific community uses to make sense of a domain of experience
Ex: economists assume markets exist ex of paradigm
features of a paradigm model, set of shared metaphors, methods for gaining data (psych has no para)
Psychodynamic how unconcious conflict creates experience
Behaviorist how we learn observable responses to stimuli
Cognitive How we encode, store, receive information
Evolutionary how nature selects traits
Behavioral genetics how our genes reflect indivual differences
Neuroscience how the body and brain creates experience
Social cultural how social and cultural factors affect experience
Freud psychodynamic
tip to body of iceberg concious: unconcious psychodynamic
Psychodynamic assumptions human behavior is determined by mental processes; most are outside our concious; they conflict and behavior is the compromise
Methods of psychodynamic case studies,interp dreams, analysis of lit, recent experiments
Behaviorist origins are associationist
contiguity think of A and automatically associate B
Behaviorist methods experimental method
Skinner behavioral; developed intstrumental conditioning
Created by: smartchick