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LOM Ch 9

LOM Ch 9 Male Reproduction

androgen Male hormone producing or stimulating male characteristics (testosterone)
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
cyrogenic surgery pertaining to destruction of tissue by producing cold temperatures
cryptorchidism undescended testicles
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
gonorrhea sexualy transmitted disease, marked by gonococci and urethral discharge
hydrocele hernia of fluid in the scrotal sac
orchiectomy removal of a testicle
orchitis inflammation of a testicle
penile pertaining to the penis
penoscrotal pertaining to the penis and scrotum
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate gland
prostatectomy removal of the prostate gland
seminiferous tubules produce sperm in the testes
spermolytic pertaining to destruction of sperm
oligospermia scanty productrion of sperm
aspermia lack of rformation or ejaculation of semen
teratoma tumor (testicular) that is composed of many types of tissue
testicular pertaining to the testes
varicocele hernia of swollen, twisted veins above the testes
vasectomy removal of a portion of each vas deferens
azoopermia lack of spermatozoa in semen
spermatogenesis formation of sperm cells
testosterone male hormone produced by the testes
orchiopexy fixation of the testicle.
vasovasotomy new opening betwseen two parts of the vas deferens (surgery to reverse vasectomy)
Bulbourethral gland One of a pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra
Cowper gland Bulbourethral gland
Ejaculation Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra
Ejaculatory duct Tube through which semen enters the urethra
Epididymis One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis; carrie sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens
Erectile dysfunction Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
Flagellum Hair like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile
Fraternal twins Two infants born of the same pregancy from two separate ova fertilized by two different sperm
Glans penis Sensitive tip of the penis
Identical twins Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distince embryos
Interstitial cells of the testis Cells that lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce the homrone testosterone
Perineum Area between the anus and scrotum in a male
Prepuce Foreskin; skin covering the tip of the penis
Prostate gland Gland at the base of the urinary bladder in males that secretes a fluid into the urethra during ejaculation
Scrotum External sac that contains the testes in men
Semen Spermatozoa and fluid
Testis Male gonad that produces spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone; plural testes
Testosterone Hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics
Vas deferens Narrow tube that carries sperm from the epididymis in to the body toward the urethra
Interstitial cells of the testis Cells that lie between the seminiferous tubules and produce the homrone testosterone.
benign prostatic hyperplasia Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland (uses TURP to relieve the obstruction)
castration surgical excision (removal) of testicles
chancre ulcer or sore usually appears on genitalia 2 weeks after exposure to syphilis (stage 1)
chlamydial infection bacterial invasion of the urethra and reproductive tract (caused by Chlamydia trachomatis)
circumcision surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis
testicular torsion twisting of the spermatic cord
herpes genitalis Infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV)
human papillomavirus Infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by HPV (warts)
hypospadias congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip
impotence erectile dysfunction - inability of an adult makle to achieve an erection
ligation tying and binding off the free ends with sutures
parenchyma The essential distinctive cells of an organ
syphilis Chronic STD cuased by a spirochete (spiral shaped bacterium) the disease has 4 stages
phimosis Narrowing of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
photoselective vaporization of the prostate removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia using a green light laser
purulent pus-filled
seminal vesicles paired sac-like male exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vas deferens
seminoma most common tumor of the testes, arrises from embryonic tissue
spermatoza semen
spermatozoon male sperm cell
sterilization procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells
stroma supportive, connective tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its parencyma
Created by: mscardenas