Accounting Ch 2
CH 2 Financial statements acct. concepts and principles
|account ||record in which transactions affecting individual assets, liabilities, owners' equity, revenues, and expenses are recorded|
|accounts payable ||liability representing an amount payable to another entity, usually because of the purchase of merchandise or services on credit.
|accounts receivable ||asset representing a claim against another entity, usually arising from selling goods or services on credit.
|accounting equation ||Assets = Liabilities + Owners' equity (A = L + OE). The fundamental relationship represented by the balance sheet and the foundation of the bookkeeping process.|
|accrual accounting ||Accounting that recognizes revenues and expenses as they occur, even though the cash receipt from the revenue or the cash disbursement related to the expense may occur before or after the event that causes revenue or expense recognition.
|accrued liabilities ||Amounts that are owed by an entity on the balance sheet date.|
|accumulated depreciation ||The sum of the depreciation expense that has been recognized over time. Accumulated depreciation is a contra asset that is subtracted from the cost of the related asset on the balance sheet.|
|additional paid-in capital ||The excess of the amount received from the sale of stock over the par value of the shares sold.|
|assets ||Probable future economic benefits obtained or controlled by an entity as a result of past transactions or events|
|balance sheet ||The financial statement that is a listing of the entity's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity at a point in time. Sometimes this statement is called the statement of financial position|
|balance sheet equation ||Another term for the accounting equation.
|cash ||An asset on the balance sheet that represents the amount of cash on hand and balances in bank accounts maintained by the entity.
|common stock ||The class of stock that represents residual ownership of the corporation.|