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Key Terms

Principles of Construction, Pima Community College, BCT-101

Key Terms and ConceptsDefinition
zoning ordinance A type of legal restriction on buildings. Governs the types of activities that may take place on a given piece of land, how much of the land may be covered by the building, how far buildings must be set back from each of the property lines, etc.
building code Local government regulates building activity by means of this. The intent is to protect public health and safety, primarily against building fires, by setting a minimum standard of construction quality.
model building code A standardized code prepared by national organizations of local building code officials.
National Building Code of Canada Canada's standardized building code
International Building Code (IBC) The first unified building code in U.S. history, first published in March 2000.
Uniform Building Code (UBC) Building code used mostly in the western US and parts of the Midwest.
BOCA National Building Code (BOCA) The model building code most often used in the East and some areas of the Midwest.
Standard Building Code (SBC) The model building code adopted by many southern and southeastern states.
occupancy group A definition in the IBC to distinguish various degrees and qualities of need for safety in buildings.
construction type A set of definitions in the IBC. Some examples are masonry, reinforced concrete, wood, etc.
fire resistance rating The period of time a building or building component maintains the ability to confine a fire or continues to perform a structural function or both. This is usually determined or measured by the ASTM E-119 test standard.
bearing wall Wall that supports its weight and the weight of other parts of the structure and are necessary for the stability of a structure.
nonbearing wall or partition A wall supporting no load other than its own weight.
access standards Regulate the design of entrances, stairs, doorways, elevators, and toilet facilities to assure that they are accessible by physically handicapped members of the population.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Makes accessibility to buildings a civil right of all Americans.
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) Controls the design of workplaces to minimize hazards to the health and safety of workers. Sets safety standards under which a building must be constructed.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) A voluntary standards development organization providing technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services. Establishes standard specifications for commonly used materials of construction.
Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Establishes standard specifications for commonly used materials of construction in Canada.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) An organization that develops standards for many industrial products, such as aluminum windows and many of the mechanical components of buildings.
Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) An organization that maintains and advances the standarization of construction language as pertains to building specifications.
MasterFormat The most widely used standard for organizing specifications and other written information for commercial and institutional building projects in the U.S. and Canada. It provides a master list of divisions, and section numbers and titles within each divisio
Construction Specifications Canada (CSC) The Canadian counterpart to the Construction Specifications Institute of the United States.
trade association An organization that represents the interests of the member firms of an industry.
sustainability Meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
"green building" Sustainable design and construction.
architect Helps to consolidate the owner's ideas about the new building, develops the form of the building, and assembles a group of engineering specialists to help work out concepts and details.
engineering specialists Develops the scheme for the building in progressively finer degrees of detail.
building inspector Checks drawings and specifications of a building for conformance with zoning ordinances and building codes before issuing a permit to build.
Created by: natureguyaz