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Law and ethics test1

QuestionAnswer
Doctor of Osteopathy A doctor that studies osteopathy
Anesthetist Person who has been trained to administer anesthetic
Intraoperative During surgery; positioning, prepping, foley, surgery, placing EKG, intubate
Postoperative After surgery; patient transferred to PACU, vitals, monitored, patient transported to floor, ICU, or discharge
Medical doctor (MD) licensed physician
Perioperative Occurring in the period immediately before, during, and after surgery
Primary goal of surgical intervention Allow patient to return to best physical/mental state
Diagnostic To determine the nature and case of an illness
Palliative To relieve or alleviate symptoms
Prophylactic To prevent
Restorative Regain the patient's health
Type of Hospital Religious
Type of Hospital Pepriatery
Type of Hospital Non-pofit
Type of Hospital University
Type of Hospital Government
Anesthesiologist Specially trained physician who provides anesthesia to surgical patient
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) Specially trained
Director of Surgery Is directly responsible for everything and everyone in the operating room suite
Nursing assistant/ orderly Cleans, processes, and stores instruments and supplies
Operating Room Registered Nurse Functions as circulator and supervises all nursing activities in the O.R. may also scrub, usually a member of Association of Operating Room Nurses (AORN)
Surgical Technologist Primarily functions as the scrub person on the surgical team
Occupational hazard Considerable standing and walking
Occupational hazard Heavy lifting and moving
Occupational hazard Exposure to infectious disease
Occupational hazard Exposure to radiation
Occupational hazard Possible injury from medical or electrical equipment
Occupational hazard Possible injury from wet floor
Occupational hazard Hours of duty may be long or irregular but are subject to fare labor standards act
Occupational hazard Possible injury due to burning or scalding
Occupational hazard Confined in a hospital
Occupational hazard Rigid aderence to establish procedures
Area of employment opportunities Operating Room
Area of employment opportunities E.R. or trauma
Area of employment opportunities Central processing/supply
Job Responsibilities for ST Checks supplies and equipment needed for surgical procedures
Job Responsibilities for ST Assists the circulator in opening all sterile supplies needed for the procedure
Job Responsibilities for ST May assist with positioning the patient on the surgery table
Job Responsibilities for ST Assists in draping the patient with sterile drapes
Job Responsibilities for ST Make sure O.R. has been properly cleaned
Job Responsibilities for ST Arrange O.R. furniture, so pieces that are a part of sterile field are 18 inches from wall
Job Responsibilities for ST Remove unnecessary equipment
Job Responsibilities for ST Preform hand scrub
Job Responsibilities for ST Don gown and gloves
Job Responsibilities for ST Prepare sterile field by assembling supplies and equipment
Job Responsibilities for ST Counts
Job Responsibilities for ST Gown and glove surgeon and assistant
Job Responsibilities for ST Attach suction and bovie to sterile field
Job Responsibilities for ST Assist in ordering and stocking supplies to maintain current stock
Attitude Mental position
Personality Complex of character traits, attitudes, behaviors, and emotional tendencies that distinguish an individual from others
Self-esteem Confidence and satisfaction in oneself
Self-image Mental concept one has of oneself
Assault Unlawful threat to harm another physically
Battery The carrying out of physically-threatened harm
Defendant Accused
Doctrine of reasonable man Right of patient to expect that professional will meet duties and standards
Doctrine of res ipsa loquitur The occurrence speaks for itself; The master will answer for the acts of the servant
Ethics Rules/standards
Liable To be legally bound
Libel Written defamation
Litigation A lawsuit
Malpractice An act of negligence
Plaintiff One who commences a legal action or suit to obtain a remedy for an injury to his/her rights; the complaining party
Tort A legal wrong committed by one person involving injury to another person or loss of or damage to personal property
Incompetence Being unqualified or inadequate to perform a duty or duties
Negligence The lack of care or skills that any person in the same situation would be expected to use
Accountability Responsibilities for which he or she contacted by virtue of employment or learner experience
Lack of proper supervision The supervisor, instructor, or physician is absent while the surgical tech is performing his/her responsibilities, or the supervisor, instruction, or physician is not near enough to the tech to give assistance
Liability Being legally bound, as to make good any loss or damage that occurs in a transaction
Surgical conscience Attitude of truly caring about a patient
Surgical conscience Involves honesty concerning actions
Surgical conscience Capabilities and qualification
Surgical conscience Respect patient right to privacy, property, dignity and identity
Surgical conscience Understanding patient fears and anxieties concerning surgery
Surgical conscience Protecting the patient in all ways
Surgical conscience Internal desire of each surgical team member to give the very best patient care
Patient's bill of rights The right to considerate and respectful care
Patient's bill of rights The right to obtain from the physician complete current information concerning his/her diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in terms the patient can reasonably expected to understanding
Patient's bill of rights The right from the physician information necessary to give informed consent prior to the start of any procedure and/or treatment
Patient's bill of rights The right to refuse all treatment to the extent permitted by law and be informed of medical consequences of that action
Patient's bill of rights The right to every consideration of privacy concerning the patient's medical care program
Patient's bill of rights The right to expect that all communications and records pertaining to the patient's care are treated as confidential
Patient's bill of rights The right to expect that within its capacity a hospital must make reasonable response to the request of a patient for service
Patient's bill of rights The right to obtain information as to any relationship of the involved hospital to other health care and educational institutions in so far as the patient's care is concerned
Patient's bill of rights The right to be advised if the hospital proposes to engage in or perform human experimentation affecting the patient's care or treatment
Patient's bill of rights The right to expect reasonable continuity of care
Patient's bill of rights The right to examine and receive an explanation of the patient's bill regardless of source of payment
Patient's bill of rights The right to know what hospital rules and regulations apply to the patient's conduct
Hippocrates Father of Medicine
Andreas Vesalius Chief Founder of the Modern Study of Anatomy
Ambriose Pare French army surgeon in the 16th century who revived the use of ligatures to control hemorrhage
Macello Malpighi Father of Histology
Anton van Leeuwenhoek Made simple microscopes
Giovanni Battista Morgagni Founder of pathologic anatomy
Ignaz Semmelweis Required doctors and medical students on his wards to wash their hands
Crawford Long First to discover and use ether to remove small skin tumors from his patients
William Morton Gave the first public demonstration of the use of ether as an anesthetic agent
Joseph Lister Father of modern antiseptic surgery
William Halstead Perfecting a fine-pointed hemostat for clamping bleeding vessels, advocating excellent principles of tissue handling, developing an interrupted silk-suture closure technique, wearing rubber gloves
W.T. Bovie Electro surgical unitis
Created by: Lacey Craven Lacey Craven on 2011-06-29



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