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Medterm-2 paep

Body structure & Pathology

cyto cell
histo tissue
karyo nucleus
nucleo nucleus
antero anterior, front
caudo tail
cranio cranium
disto far, fathest
dorso back
intero lower, below
latero side
medio middle
postero back, behind,
proximo near, nearest
ventro belly
abdomino abdomen
cervico neck, cervix uteri
cranio cranium
gastro stomach
ilio ilium
inguino groin
lumbo loins
pelvi, pelvo pelvis
spino spine
thoraco chest
umbilico umbilicus, navel
albino white
leuko white
chloro green
chromo color
cirrho yellow
jaundo yellow
xantho yellow
cyano blue
erythro red
melano black
polio gray
acro extremity
etio cause
idio unknown, peculiar
morpho form, shape, structure
patho disease
radio radiation, x-ray, radius
somato body
sono sound
viscero internal organs
xero dry
genesis forming, etc
gnosis knowing
gram record, writing
graph instrument for recording
graphy process of recording
logist specialist
logy study of
meter instrument for measuring
metry act of measuring
pathy disease
ab from, away from
ad toward
hetero different
homeo same
infra below, under
peri around
super upper, above
trans across, through
ultra excess, beyond
ant anterior
AP anteroposterior
Bx biopsy
CBC complete blood count
CT computed tomography
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DSA digital subtraction angiography
Dx diagnosis
FS frozen section
I incision and drainage
LAT lateral
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
PET positron emission tomography
post posterior
RF rheumatoid factor, radio freq
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
sono sonogram
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography
Sx symptom
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
U upper & lower
US ultrasound ultrasonography
dehiscence bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound
suppurative producing or associated with generation of pus
fluoroscopy radiographic technique - x-rays directed through the body to a fluorescent screen that displays continuous motion images of internal structures (motion of organs, Dig tract, heart, joints, place catheters)
curretage scraping of body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette
adhesion abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated
analyte substance analyzed or tested, generally by means of laboratory methods
contrast medium substance injected into the body, introduced via catheter, or swallowed to facilitate radiographic images of internal structures that otherwise are difficult to visualize on x-ray films
febrile feverish, pertaining to a fever
homeostasis relative constancy or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in response to external or internal changes
inflammation body defense against injury, infection or allergy that is marked by redness, swelling, heat, pain and sometimes, loss of function
morbid diseased, pertaining to a disease
nuclear medicine branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, treatment, and research
radiology medical specialty concerned with the use of electromagnetic radiation, ultrasound, and imaging techniques for dx and tx of disease and injury
interventional radiology radiological practice that employs fluoroscopy, CT, and ultrasound in nonsurgical tx of various disorders
therapeutic radiology use of ionizing radiation in the tx of cancer, also called radiation oncology
radionuclides substances that emit radiation spontaneously, also called tracers
radiopharmaceutical radionuclide attached to a protein, or other substance used to visualize an organ or area of the body that will be scanned
scan term used to describe a computerized image by modality or by structure
sepsis pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream
endoscopy visual exam of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
laparoscopy visual exam of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very samll incisions in the abdominal wall
thoracoscopy exam of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs
complete blood count common blood test that counts RBC, WBC, and platelets, measures Hemoglobin, estimales red cell volume, and sorts WBC into five subtypes with percentages
urinalysis common urine screening test that evaluates the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine
computed tomography achieved by rotating an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles (tumor, bone displacement, fluid acc.)
Doppler ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves and peripheral vessels by reflecting sound waves off moving blood cells
magnetic resonance imaging noninvasive imaging technique that uses radiowaves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images (CNS)
nuclear scan diagnostic technique that uses a radioactive material (tracer) that is introduced to the body and a specialized camera to produce images of organs and structures
PET scanning technique using CT to record the positrons emitted from a radiopharm, that produces a cross-sectinoal image of metabolic activity in tissues to determine presence of disease (brain, NS - schizo, tumors, epilepsy, stroke, alzheimer, card&pul)
radiography imaging technique that uses xrays passed through the body or area and captured on a film, called xray (denser - white, softer - gray)
SPECT radiological technique that integrates CT and tracer injected to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs (tracer is not absorbed (as in PET), blood flow through a&v in brain)
tomography radiographic technique that produces an image representing a detailed cross-section, or slice, of an area, tissue, or organ at a predetermined depth (CT, PET, SPECT)
ultrasonography (US) imaging procedure using high-freq sound waves that disply the reflected echoes on a monitor - echo/echography (no xray - fetus, neck, abdomen, pelvis, brain, heart)
biopsy representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic exam
frozen section biopsy ultra-thin slice of tissue cut from a frozen specimen for immediate path. exam. (onco in OR)
needle biopsy removal of small tissue sample for exam using a hollow needle, usually attached to a syringe
punch biopsy removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow instrument (punch) - anesthetic & suture
shave biopsy removal of tissue using a surgical blade to shave elevated lesions
ablation removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio freq.
anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
cauterize destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
incision and drainage inciscion made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
radical dissection surgical removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site in an attempt to excise all tissue that may be malignant and decrease the chance of recurrence
laser surgery surgical technique employing a device that emits intense heat and power at close range to cut, burn, vaporize, or destroy tissues
resection partial excision of a bone, organ, or other structure
Created by: lisaseib