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Chpt 13 Endocrine

The Endocrine System

Where are the Adrenal Glands? They sit ontop of the kidneys
Where art the Pineal and Pituitary Glands? Brain
What gland controls growth? Pituitary Gland
Where is the thymus located? Behind the sternum
What does the Thymus produce? T cell
Where is the thyroid gland located? In the throat
What does the Thyroid gland regulate? Matabolism
Endocrin Secrete within
Hypercrinism Excessive secretion of any gland
Crin To secrete
Hypocrinism Deficient secretion of any gland
Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates the secretion of estrogen and growth of ova stimulates the production of sperm
Growth hormone (Somatotropic hormone) regulates growth
Somat/o Body
Tropic- affinity for
Interstital cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH) ovulation in female secretion of testosterone
Luteinizing hormone ovulation in female/progestrone testosterone
Oxytocin Uterine contraction during child birth
Oxy Swift
-tocin Labor
acr/o extremities
pituitar pituitary
Hashimoto's thyroiditis autoimmune disease body's own antibodies attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland
Myxedema extreme deficiency of thyroid secretion
Graves' disease autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism symptoms include goiter/exophthalmos
Goiter nonmalignant enlargement of the thyroid gland
Exophthalmos protrusion of the eyeball out of orbit
Hyperparathyroidism overproduction of parathyroid hormone
Hypercalcemia high concentration of calcium in blood
calc calcium
Hypocalcemia low levels of calcuim in blood
Osteitis fibrosa bones become softened and deformed and may develop cysts
Glucagon secreted by alpha cell in response to low blood sugar levels
Insulin secreted by beta cells in response to high blood sugar levels
Insulinoma benign tumor of the pancreas
glyc sugar
dipsia thrist
uria urination
Type 1 diabetes beta cells do not secrete enough insulin
Type 2 diabetes insulin is being produced by body does not use it effectively
Insulin shock caused by low blood sugar
Diabetic coma caused by very high blood sugar
Corticosteroids produced by adrenal cortex
Aldosterone regulates the salt and water levels in the body
Androgens hormones that influence sex-related characteristics
Cortisol (Hydrocortisone) anti-inflammatory action. regulates the metabolism of carbs, fat, and protein.
Epinephrine adrenaline- stimulates the sympathetic nervous system in response to stress or other stimuli
Norepinephrine hormone/neurohormone fight or flight response
Addison's disease Adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormone by the adrenal medulla
Aldosteronism abnomality of electrolyte balance caused by the excessive secretion of aldosterone
Conn's syndrome disorder of adrenal glands due to excessive production of aldosterone
Pheochromocytoma benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine
phe/o dusky
chrom/o color
cyt cell
Cushing's syndrome (hypercortisolism) caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol (moom face)
Gonads ovaries in female testicles in male
gemete reproductive cell sperm in male ova (eggs) in the female
Gonadotropin any hormone that stimulates the gonads
gonad/o gonad
-tropin simulate
Testosterone stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics
Estrogen female secondary sex characteristic and period
Created by: msshamieka