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Brady Cpt 7

Brady 10th Terms

The process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream. absorption
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body. action
An oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract for treatment of some poisonings and medication overdoses. Charcoal is ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding. activated charcoal
The process of binding or sticking to a surface. adsorption
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors. agonist
A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications. antagonist
A medication that is an antipyretic (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation (clumping). aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)
Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate; for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient. contraindications
The amount of medication given on the basis of the patient's size and age. dose
When the EMT directly administers the medication to the patient. EMT-administered medication
Medications that enter the body through the digestive system. enteral medications
A substance produced by the body (commonly called adrenaline), and a drug produced by pharmaceutical companies that increases pulse rate and blood pressure; the drug of choice for an anaphylactic reaction. epinephrine
A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or through plastic tubes. gel
The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized. generic name
A condition characterized by a low blood glucose level. hypoglycemia
The therapeutic uses for a specific medication. indications
Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route. inhalation
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body. intended effect
An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route. intramuscular (IM) injection
A delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the naris. intranasal (IN)
Into the bone; a medication delivery route. intraosseous (IO)
An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route. intravenous (IV) injection
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain. medication
A miniature spray canister used to direct medications through the mouth and into the lungs. metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
A device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and push it into a nostril. mucosal atomizer device (MAD)
A medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication. nitroglycerin
By mouth; a medication delivery route. oral
A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit. oral glucose
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription. over-the-counter (OTC) medications
A gas that all cells need for metabolism; the heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen. oxygen
Medications that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin, or mucous membranes. parenteral medications
When the EMT assists the patient with the administration of his or her own medication. patient-assisted medication
When the EMT adminsters medication to him or herself or to a partner. peer-assisted medication
Through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral. per os (PO)
Through the rectum; a medication delivery route. per rectum (PR)
The process by which a medication works on the body. pharmacodynamics
The study of the properties and effects of medications. pharmacology
The simultaneous use of multiple medications by a patient as typically seen in elderly people. polypharmacy
Medications that are distributed to patients only by pharmacists according to a physician's order. prescription medications
Any effects of a medication other than the desired ones. side effects
A liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand. solution
Injection into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route. subcutaneous (SC) injection
Under the tongue; a medication delivery route. sublingual (SL)
A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve. suspension
Lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route. topical medications
The brand name that a manufacturer gives a medication; the name is capitalized. trade name
Through the skin; a medication delivery route. transcutaneous (transdermal)
Actions that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient. unintended effect
Actions that can be harmful to the patient. untoward effects
Created by: fishanater