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Diseases of the Digestive System

mechanical and chemical digestion start here the mouth
food passes from the mouth to the BLANK and BLANK pharynx, esophagus
food passes from the esophagus to the stomach
three parts of the small intestine in order duodenum, jejunum, ileum
inflammation of the mouth stomatitis
common condition characterized by the formation of tiny white ulcers which form at the base of the gums, lips, and cheeks (commonly called canker sores) aphthous stomatitis
a fungal infection of the oral cavity caused by Candida albicans thrush
caused by herpes simplex I (fever blisters) cold sores
inflammatory lesions in the mouth caused by Treponema pallidum mucous patches
inflammation of the gums gingivitis
inflammation of the tongue glossitis
inflammation of the tonsils tonsillitis
inflammation of the pharynx, or throat pharyngitis
inflammation of the esophagus esophagitis
inflammation of the stomach gastritis
vomiting of blood from the stomach, often associated with gastritis hematemesis
difficulty in swallowing due to esophageal stenosis dysphagia
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
another name for dental cavities dental carries
a localized area of necrosis on the skin or mucous membrane, dead tissue is sloughed off, resulting in a hole or crater at the site ulcer
ulcers which occur in the stomach and duodenum, the name is derived from the digestive enzyme known as pepsin peptic ulcers
inflammation of the small intestine enteritis
inflammation of the colon colitis
inflammation of the rectum proctitis
inflammation of vermiform appendix appendicitis
entamoeba histolytica amoebic dysentery
salmonella typhi typhoid fever
shigella bacillary dysentery
mycobacterium tuberculosis tuberculosis
Staph. aureus, Clostridium perfringens, and Clostridium botulinum are common causes of food poisoning
the condition of having one or more abnormal sacs/pouches in the walls of a hollow organ diverticulosis
inflammation of the diverticula (abnormal sacs/pouches in the walls of a hollow organ) diverticulitis
varicose veins in the rectal area hemorrhoids
protrusion of an organ through the walls of the body cavity in which it is contained hernia
tear or weak spot develops in the musculature of the abdominal wall, part of the peritoneum, or a loop of intestine, pushes out through this opening abdominal hernia
hernia occurring in the groin area inguinal hernia
hernias occurring in infants due to imperfect closure of the abdominal wall in the area where the umbilical cord was attached umbilical hernia
herniation of part of the stomach through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm hiatal hernia
two complications from hernias necrosis, intestine obstruction
a twisting loop of intestine volvulus
slipping or telescoping of one segment of intestine into the succeeding one intussusception
scar tissue forms and loops of the bowel adhere together where they normally would not do so adhesions
inflammation of the liver hepatitis
also known as infectious hepatitis, food/water-borne illness hepatitis A
also known as serum hepatitis, blood-borne pathogen hepatitis B
also known as non-A non-B hepatitis, blood borne pathogen, the "silent epidemic" hepatitis C
long term degeneration of the functioning cells of the liver with a proliferation of fibrous connective tissue and scarring cirrhosis
icterus jaundice
due to the buildup of bile pigments in the bloodstream jaundice
edema of the abdominal cavity ascites
due to passive hyperemia which develops when blood cannot flow through the damaged liver edema
inflammation of the gallbladder cholecystitis
formation of gall stones cholelithiasis
inflammation of the bile ducts cholangitis
inflammation of the pancreas pacreatitis
benign tumors of the mucous membranes of the digestive system polyps
Created by: amyziolkowski